ALL INDIA PRE PG ENTRANCE EXAM 13 JAN 2008-POST RECALLS HERE

Discussion in 'NEET 2013 All india Exam' started by Dr.Sachin1984, Jan 11, 2008.

  1. sarrah.

    sarrah. Guest

    a.sensory supply of masseter goes to which nucleus of trigeminal nerve?
    1.Spinal
    2.Motor
    3.Mesencephalic
    4.?

    b.facial nerve colliculus is located at
    1.interpeduncular fossa
    2.Pons
    3.Midbrain
    4.?

    c.Nasal septum not formed by
    1.sphenoid
    2.ethmoid
    3.?
    4.Lacrimal....ANS

    d.joints between the auditory ossicles
    1.primary cartiliginous
    2.secondary catiliginous
    3.synovial
    4.fibrous

    e.which of the following is not a compound muscle
    1.biceps femoris
    2.pectineus
    3,.adductor magnus
    4.?

    f.which is not digastric?
    1.occipitofrontalis
    2.omohyoid
  2. sarrah.

    sarrah. Guest

    SURGERY MCQs
    Q.Abbe estlander flap is used for
    ANS...Lip reconstructions
    it is a rotation flap based on sup or inf. labial artery

    Q.#9,10 ribs.pt hemodynamically stable on IV fluids but complains of pain in left lower chest Management.
    ?ANS : laparotomy
    (looks like a case of splenic laceration hence even if temporarily stable needs repair of splenic injury as eventual rx)

    Q.vocal cord nodules in a singer with hoarseness at typical location with acid reflux mgmt:(ENT )
    ANS speech therapy+PPI

    QM/c thyroid ca
    1.papillary....ANS
    2.Follicular
    3.anaplastic
    4.medullary

    Q.case of acute calculous cholecystitis .....???
    1.laparoscopy contraindicated in acute stage
    2.Iv antibiotics

    Q.woman with 2cm gallstone on USG .symptoms controlled what next
    ANS...1.regular followup...

    Q.Case of testicular torsion .All correct except
    ANS...treatment with antibiotics

    Q.which ca does not show migratory thrombophlebitis
    1.pancreas
    2.prostate
    3.colon
    4.?

    Q.Nigro protocol in anal ca
    ANS 1.Chemotherapy with radiation as alternative to Surgery
    REFERENCE
    Article in "The oncologist"
    Combined Modality Treatment of Anal Carcinoma
    F. Roelofsena, H. Bartelinkb
    Combined modality treatment of anal carcinoma was initiated in 1974, when Nigro reported on three patients with anal carcinoma treated with preoperative irradiation with concomitant 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and mitomycin C [1]. The experience of complete histological remission in the operative specimen led to a treatment strategy of definitive radiochemotherapy, reserving surgery as a salvage procedure for patients with persistent or relapsing tumors [2, 3]. Since then, many nonrandomized studies have been published supporting the therapeutic effect of sphincter-preserving treatment with a combination of radiotherapy with different schedules, dosages, and applications, including brachytherapy with or without concomitant or sequential chemotherapy. In some studies, high toxicity rates were reported, especially in patients treated with the combination of 5-FU and mitomycin C [4-11].

    Q.Which segment of liver resected when done just left to falciform lig?
    ????
  3. Manish.

    Manish. Guest

    A NEONATE WITH DISTENDED ABDO0MEN AND BILATERAL GAS SHADOW BELOW DIAPHRAGM
    LIKELY CAUSE
    A)PERFORATION OF STOMACH
    B........
    C
    D??

    A BOY WITH PROGRESSIVE TORTICOLLITIS,BILTERAL BONY LESION.......?
    TRUE IS
    A)HIS PROGNOSIS FOR SURVIVAL POOR
    B)??
    C)????


    A 30 YR OLD HIV + MALE COMES WITH CHIEF COMPLAINT OF SEVERE HIP PAIN.LIKELY AETIOLOGY
    A)AVASCULAR NECROSIS
    B
  4. ruchi.

    ruchi. Guest

    induction of labour is not done in hypertension, DM , heart disease, anaemia


    poor prognosis in aml..inv 16, monosomy7, ??
  5. shamim.

    shamim. Guest

    which is not a cause of meningitis in elderly?
    a. herpes simplex 2
    b. listeria
    c. pneumococcus
    d. gram neg bacilli
  6. 1.all r true abt androgen insensivity syndrome except

    absent vagina
    absent ovaries
    marked presence of pubic hair
  7. ankur.

    ankur. Guest

    diagnosis in a child with recurrent gross hematuria
    a. wilms tumor
    b. igA nephropathy
    c. alports syndrome


    which is not a side effect of tacrolimus
    a. nephrotoxicity
    b. neurotoxicity
    c. hirsuitism
    d. diabetes mellitus

    what helps in lymph drainage from foot
    ? foot massage

    compound which is not found in photoreceptor complex?

    which is the diagnostic procedure of choice in a child with non passage of meconium for 48 hrs

    HBs Ag positive, AST, ALT normal, HBe Ag negative , next line of management ?

    upto what level does bronchial artery supplies blood
    ? respiratory bronchiole

    treatment of choice in a female with vulvar swelling ? bartholins abscess???
    a. marsupialization
    b. incision and drainage
    c. surgical resection
    d. ?


    which is not seen with hereditary hemochromatosis
    ? testicular/ gonadal failure

    what is the management in child with anal atresia and passage of meconium in urine?

    what is the correct age of surgical treatment in a child with microstia

    recommended dietary intake
    ? meets dietary requirements of all people
    ? based on recommendation by group of experts

    difference in sevoflurane and desflurane
    ? lesser cardiac depressant


    propofol ? C/i IN porphyria???


    effect of exercise on cerebral blood flow?
  8. MONA.

    MONA. Guest

    ABBE FLAP USED IN
    A)RECONTRUCTION OF LIP
  9. James.

    James. Guest

    denervated heart ? increased heart rate


    which is not a side effect of tacrolimus
    a. nephrotoxicity
    b. neurotoxicity
    c. hirsuitism
    d. diabetes mellitus


    hirsutism..in fact causes baldness

    diagnosis in a child with recurrent gross hematuria
    a. wilms tumor
    b. igA nephropathy
    c. alports syndrome
    d.?


    most likely the answer is IgA nephropathy

    which drug doesnt cause hemolysis in g6pd deficiency?
  10. James.

    James. Guest

    loss of sensation in external auditory canal is seen in which condition

    what is renal imagining? false about mullerian dysgenesis?



    what is not seen in SLE
    a. venous thrombosis
    b. recurrent fetal loss
    c. pulmonary venous hypertension
    d. pancytopenia


    phenobarbitone is a acidic drug and is excreted by alkalinizing the urine rest of the drugs were basic drugs


    recurrent abortions not seen in..TORCH
  11. San.

    San. Guest

    poor prognosis monosomy 7
    growth factor myc
    induction not done in DM
    neonate with distended abd with gas under both domes of diaphragm stomach perforation
    methergine contraindicated in heart disease


    alcoholic pt with h/o pancreatitis with multiple stones in tail of pancreas...wat is mx..
    a)remove tail, b)lateral pancreaticojejunostmy, c)percutaneous removal..


    injury to duodenum , pancreas, stricture in diatal bile duct..wat is mx...a)duodenoduodenostomy, b)whipples proceedure c)?? d) ?
  12. ankur.

    ankur. Guest

    urine alkalinisation is useful in
    a. phenobarbitone
    b. dhatura
    c. atropine
    d. ?

    which poisoning causes yellow fatty liver?


    drug active against pseudomonas-
    ? piperacillin


    intrauterine infection most commonly aaso wit cns abnormalities..a) cmv and toxo, b) toxo and rubella

    coarctation of aorta is associated with
    ? bicuspid aortic valve

    orporo basal index..used for stature, sex , age, race
  13. ankur.

    ankur. Guest

    gumma is seen in which stage of syphilis?


    ANAEMIA is the answer for cause of maternal mortality
  14. MANISH.

    MANISH. Guest

    FATTY YELLOW LIVER SEEN IN
    A)ACONITE
    B)ARSENIC
  15. Sahni.

    Sahni. Guest

    diagnosis in a child with recurrent gross hematuria
    a. wilms tumor
    b. igA nephropathy
    c. alports syndrome
    d.?


    most likely the answer is IgA nephropathy



    commonest occupational cancer is ? skin ? bladder


    which is not a histological feature of ssevere atherosclerosis?

    histology of whipples disease?

    chloroquine causes haemolysis in g6pd deficiency

    which microorg is least resistant to steri/disinf?
    prions is not a microorg..........so ans mighyt be fungi


    I think it was which of the following is most resistant to sterli/disinfection

    so ans is prion as given in oxford

    ratonale of use of concomitant b12 and folic acid in megaloblastic anemia



    It is given bcoz giving folate alone will cause B12 def apparent



    which nerve is injured while ligating great saphenous vein in leg
    femoral
    tibial
    sural
    fibular nerve



    which is not a cause of meningitis in elderly?
    a. herpes simplex 2
    b. listeria
    c. pneumococcus
    d. ?


    Ans is HSV 2 it is HSV 1 which causes menisgitis and not HSV2 not sure about gram negative bacilli


    pustular psoriasis pt was pregnant woman in second trimester
    ans.... methotrexate...sure
    as lady is pregnant........retonoids contraindicated





    reg que of osteoarthritis ankle i wd like to gve details..
    in a 65 year old DIABETIC the finding of ankle jont ar decreased mobility increased osteophytes and so on..
    guys diagnosis is CHARCOATS JOINTS.....
    ans is arthrocentesis and banadage nt to be done..

    it is CHARCOATSS JOINTT



    urine alkalinisation is useful in
    a. phenobarbitone
    b. dhatura
    c. atropine
    d. amphtamine
  16. Aheek

    Aheek Guest

  17. Manish.

    Manish. Guest

    IN OSTEOARTHRITIS OF ANKLE JOINT

    A)BANDAGE COULD BE DONE
    B)ARTHRODESIS CAN BE DONE
    C)TOTAL REPLACEMENT IS T/T OF CHOICE

    CASE WAS THAT OF CHARCOTS JOINT
    Medical Therapy

    Treatment of Charcot arthropathy is primarily nonoperative. Treatment consists of 2 phases: an acute phase and a postacute phase. Management of the acute phase includes immobilization and reduction of stress.

    Immobilization usually is accomplished by casting. Total contact casts have been shown to allow patients to ambulate while preventing the progression of deformity. Casts must be checked weekly to evaluate for proper fit, and they should be replaced every 1-2 weeks. Patients with concomitant ulceration must have their casts changed weekly for ulcer evaluation and debridement. Serial plain radiographs should be taken approximately every month during the acute phase to evaluate progress. Casting usually is necessary for 3-6 months and is discontinued based on clinical, radiographic, and dermal thermometric signs of quiescence. Other methods of immobilization include metal braces and ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs), but they may prolong healing times.

    Reduction of stress is accomplished by decreasing the amount of weight bearing on the affected extremity. While total non-weight bearing (NWB) is ideal for treatment, patients are often not compliant with this treatment. Studies have shown that partial weight bearing (PWB) with assistive devices (eg, crutches, walkers) also is acceptable without compromising healing time. However, full weight bearing (FWB) in the acute phase tends to lengthen total time in the cast.

    Healing time varies according to the location of the disease. Pattern 1, or forefoot Pathology , heals in two thirds the time of pattern 3 or pattern 4. One study revealed that the mean time in a cast is 18.5 weeks, while another study showed that the acute phase lasts 12.5 weeks.

    Management following the removal of the cast includes lifelong protection of the involved extremity. Patient education and professional foot care on a regular basis are integral aspects of lifelong foot protection. After cast removal, patients should wear a brace to protect the foot. Many types of braces may be used, including a patellar tendon-bearing brace, accommodative footwear with a modified AFO, a Charcot restraint orthotic walker (CROW), and a double metal upright AFO.

    Custom footwear includes extra-depth shoes with rigid soles and a plastic or metal shank. If ulcers are present, a rocker-bottom sole can be used. Also, Plastazote inserts can be used for insensate feet. This regimen may be eliminated after 6-24 months, based on clinical, radiographic, and dermal thermographic findings. Continued use of custom footwear in the postacute phase for foot protection and support is essential.

    The total healing process typically takes 1-2 years. Preventing further injury, noting temperature changes, checking feet every day, reporting trauma, and receiving professional foot care also are important tenets of treatment.

    Surgical Therapy

    Surgical procedures and techniques vary based on the location of the disease and on surgeon preference and experience with Charcot arthropathy. Surgical procedures include exostosectomy of bony prominence, osteotomy, arthrodesis, screw and plate fixation, open reduction and internal fixation, reconstructive surgery, fusion with Achilles tendon lengthening, autologous bone grafting, and amputation. Patients treated with surgery have longer healing times.

    Surgical methods can be based on Schön's classification system. Open reduction and internal fixation should be used for an ankle with displaced fractures. Ankle arthrodesis is necessary in patients with tibiotalar destruction. In cases in which the hindfoot has avascular necrosis of the talus, a talectomy with tibiocalcaneal fusion is necessary. Arthrodesis may be necessary for patients with hindfoot involvement. For a midfoot pattern, surgical correction of rocker-bottom deformity and osteotomies for bony prominences are used. If there is an associated hindfoot/ankle equinus contracture, then a posterior release/Achilles tendon lengthening procedure is required. For forefoot patterns, patients with bony prominences or recurrent ulcerations may need a resection arthroplasty or cheilectomy.
  18. aseem

    aseem Guest

    which is not a composit muscle a) pectinius, b) biceps femoris, c) adductor magnus d) rectus femoris

    tetracycline inhibit protein synthesis


    bleeding from the nipple with a localized mass ? treatment???
    ??microdochotomy



    common transfusional reaction is febrile illness


    drug not useful in controlling post partum hemorrhage?
    ? mifepristone


    what is not included in active management of 3rd stage of labour
    a. injection of uterine tonic agent within 1 min of delivery
    b. controlled cord traction
    c. clamping and cutting the cord immediately after delivery
    d. soft massage of uterus ?


    its clamping and cutting the cord immediately after delivery



    torsades de pointes============quinine
    hemithyroid surgery=======do not
    hypocalcemia
    rubella associated anomely ===== pda

    leucovorin is used in high doses of methotrexate.
    according to KDT



    according to KDT tacrolimus causes diabetes hirsutism and neurotoxicity
    and not nephrotoxicity


    which disease is not included in integrated management of childhood ilnesses


    gumma is seen in which stage of syphilis?


    Gummas are seen in tertiary syphilis

    Gummas are granulomatous, sometimes ulcerating lesions occurring anywhere on the skin, frequently at sites of trauma. However, they are defined as occurring at non-vital sites, often causing destruction of important structures.

    They are commonly found in the skull, tibia, fibula and clavicle, but it is possible for any bone to be involved.

    The lesions are necrotic with lymphocyte and polymorph infiltration, healing with scar tissue.



    for staging of carcinoma cervix imaging isnt used?


    interferon alpha is t/t of adult type cml i.e. (acml)
    according to ghai

    okazaki fragments are seen in
    ? ds dna replication



    use of trans rectal ultrasound in case of carcinoma prostate
  19. James.

    James. Guest

    treatment of genital warts-----Iimiquimod 5% cream

    brief note--
    Genital warts are caused by different strains of human papilloma virus - especially HPV6

    treatment options-


    cryotherapy

    podophyllotoxin cream or lotion

    In some cases, curettage or surgical removal

    Iimiquimod 5% cream--imiquimod is an immune response modifier. The topical preparation eliminates warts by enhancing cell-mediated immune pathways that target the cells harboring HPV



    advantage of Iimiquimod--recurrence rate after imiquimod treatment is considerably lower
  20. tapo.

    tapo. Guest

    Bed alarm has the lowest recurrence rate in the tmt of nocturnal enuresis.... Ref: BMJ Clinical evidence
    clinica levidence dot bmj dot com/ceweb/conditions/chd/0305/0305_I1 dot jsp
  21. tapo.

    tapo. Guest

    amyloid associated with HEMODIALYSIS is B2 MICROGLOBULIN.
  22. shilpag

    shilpag Guest

    al india

    - what is delphi method?
    -cavernous sinus drains?
    -nasal septum is formed by?
    -conns syndrome?
    -
  23. shilpag

    shilpag Guest

    corporo basal index done to differentiate sex
  24. manpan85

    manpan85 Guest

    Psychrometer measures Humidity

    A psychrometer is an instrument commonly used in laboratories to measure relative humidity. It is also referred to as a wet- and dry-bulb thermometer.

    This instrument consists of two similar thermometers that are mounted side by side. The dry bulb has its bulb exposed to the air. The wet bulb is wrapped in an absorbent material such as muslin, which is immersed in water and serves as a wick. When the web bulb is taken out of the water, it cools by evaporation of the water. If the bulb is whirled around to hasten evaporation, it is called a sling psychrometer. If air is forced past the bulb, it is referred to as an aspirated or ventilated psychrometer.

    The amount of evaporation, and consequent cooling of the thermometer, depends on the humidity of the atmosphere—the drier the atmosphere, the faster the water evaporates. Using this data and humidity tables or calculations, the dew point (the temperature to which air would have to be cooled for saturation to occur) can be determined, and from it, the relative humidity.
  25. neha123

    neha123 Guest

    156. conns syndrome mc
    adrenal adenoma
    adrenal hyperplasia
  26. neha123

    neha123 Guest

    21 CA CERVIX CAUSED BY
    HPV ...............ans
    though hiv hsv also mentioned in the list
  27. neha123

    neha123 Guest

    51. sudden onset pain in scrotum no fever, redness all true exc
    ans shd be treat with antibiotics...............
    again Q incomplete....

    but torsion is emergency......and immediate rx
  28. neha123

    neha123 Guest

    mc occupational ca
    bladder ....ans
  29. neha123

    neha123 Guest

    abbestors....ferruginous bodies........


    diphtheria chemoprophylaxis ,...ans erythromycin


    best mode of investigationfor interstitial lung disease
    hrct ......ans
  30. neha123

    neha123 Guest

    18. MOST COMMON THYROID CA
    PAPPILLARY .ans mc........papillary


    child with posterior mediastinum cyst, vertebral body defect

    ans.....neuroenteric cyst ....its mc in post mediastinum.....

    153. earliest x ray sign of pulm hypertension
    kerley b
    pleural effusion



    Torsades-de-pontes caused by
    1. Quinine
    2. Digitalis
    3. Magnesium Sulphate


    Alkalisation of urine is done in case of
    1. Phenobarbitone
    2. Amphetamine
  31. Aheek

    Aheek Guest

  32. mehak12

    mehak12 Guest

    it was c1c2,not t1t2

    it was c1c2,not t1t2 :idea:

    penetrating injury.
    platysma?

    necrotizing enterocolitis,surgery after stablizing premee

    :idea
    nutritional surveilance

    gomez classificatn

    yaws
    diphtheria prophylaxis
    torsades de pointes quinidine:
    urine discoloratn-pyridine
    vit K carboxylation
    rete testes

    oximes

    ketamine utrs tone
  33. mehak12

    mehak12 Guest

    bout type 2 lepra reactions..prednisone is te DOC in severe reaction n thalidomide the DOC in recurrent cases..so take ur pick folks !!
    thats the prob with many All India q's..the correct options r always confusing n not cent percent


    lady with jaundice n anemia,inv. of choice..
    ans is..coomb's test


    pyelo v/s uti.....ans is tam horsefall protein....as its a normal component of urine
    gomez classification....choice was i guess 72% n not 90 %

    DOC in SVT..
    ans is..verapamil



    lady,with juandice,anaemia...most usefull investigation?
    osmotic fragility
    Crescentic nephritis...??????
    Rossettes ARe seen in..
    retinoblastoma..
    ????
    ????
    a patient with gross hepatomegaly,hypoglycemia...???
    von Grieks disease
    Cori syn
    Pombe syn
    ????
    About calendar method ..true statement
    Postnatal contracep method
    Usuall causes ectopic preg..
    failure rate..??/
    Usefull in those with irregular periods
  34. Manish.

    Manish. Guest

    Management of congenital atresia of the external auditory canal.
    Murphy TP, Burstein F, Cohen S.

    The management of a unilateral congenital atresia of the external auditory canal is nonuniform and debated. Various surgical approaches, timing, coordination with microtia repair, and variable hearing improvements all contribute to the debate regarding management of this entity. This paper outlines our craniofacial team approach to the congenital unilateral atresia and microtia in children. Selection criteria, timing of repair, coordination with microtia repair, surgical results, and pitfalls will be discussed. The results of surgery in 16 patients with unilateral congenital atresia of the external auditory canal and 2 children with bilateral atresia will be presented. Repair of the atresia was undertaken in children 5 years or older who had pneumatized mastoids and middle ears. Replacement of the malleus/incus complex with a partial ossicular reconstruction prosthesis improved closure of the air-bone gap. Drawbacks included meatal stenosis and deepithelization of the split thickness skin graft lining the external auditory canal. Repair of the unilateral congenital atresia is a demanding and challenging problem but one in which excellent results are achievable.
  35. Manish.

    Manish. Guest

    Rh factor is..
    Antibody
    protien
    ??
    True statement regarding fertilisn and implantn
    Morula..active movement throu oviduct.
    Trophoplast..?????
    in a case of ITP, splenectomy being done..when to admin Heparin?
    after ligating splenic vessels
    2hrs b4 induction
    Just before induction
  36. Manish.

    Manish. Guest

    AGENESIS OF EXTERNAL EAR CANAL IS REPAIRED BY
    A)AT BIRTH
    B)1 YR
    C)3 YR
    D)5 YR

    The management of a unilateral congenital atresia of the external auditory canal is nonuniform and debated. Various surgical approaches, timing, coordination with microtia repair, and variable hearing improvements all contribute to the debate regarding management of this entity. This paper outlines our craniofacial team approach to the congenital unilateral atresia and microtia in children. Selection criteria, timing of repair, coordination with microtia repair, surgical results, and pitfalls will be discussed. The results of surgery in 16 patients with unilateral congenital atresia of the external auditory canal and 2 children with bilateral atresia will be presented. Repair of the atresia was undertaken in children 5 years or older who had pneumatized mastoids and middle ears. Replacement of the malleus/incus complex with a partial ossicular reconstruction prosthesis improved closure of the air-bone gap. Drawbacks included meatal stenosis and deepithelization of the split thickness skin graft lining the external auditory canal. Repair of the unilateral congenital atresia is a demanding and challenging problem but one in which excellent results are achievable.
  37. sarrah.

    sarrah. Guest

    18 yr old boy dies sudenly..
    ans is..hypertrophic cardiomyopathy


    live attenuated vaccine..
    ans is..2 can be given together
  38. sarrah.

    sarrah. Guest

    commonest occupational cancer is ? skin ? bladder

    it is lung ca.then mesothiloma, and then comes bladder ref WHO


    increased chylomicron and VLDL is seen in
    Type I
    TYpe 2a
    Type 3 Ans


    action of Apo C is ...

    blood supply of cruciate lig
    Middle genicular art(ans)
    sup genicular
    inf genicular


    compLeted family size indicates:
    a)Total fertility rate-----ANS
    b)general fertility rate

    which of d foll is not a mode of suffocation
    a)throttling------ANS
    b)smothering
    c)gagging
    d)choking

    WHICH OF D FOLL IS NOT A DRAINING CHANNEL OF CAVERNOUS SINUS?
    A)SUPERFICIAL MIDDLE CEREBRAL VEIN
    B)DEEP MIDDLE CEREBRAL VEIN-----ans

    photoelecrtic effect is
    a)photon of light striking d electron in last orbit
    b)photon converted to 2 electrons..
    ....?

    soft tick causes
    a)KFD
    b)indian tick typhus
    c)tularaemia
    d)trench fever


    crypt abcess..
    ans is..ulcerative colitis


    haemochromatosis what is not seen
    hypogonadism
    skin pigmentation
    arthritis
    ...??

    In locking which movt
    Medial rotation of femur (ans)
    lat rotation of femur


    radiosensitive phase of cell cycle..
    ans is..G2M


    true abt breast abcess
    A)OFTEN REQUIRES INCISION
    B)MOSTLY CAUSED BY GI ORGANISMS OF CHILD
    C)MC ORGANISM RESPONSBLE IS E COLI


    probiotics..
    ans is..necrotizing enterocolitis

    okazaki segment..
    ans is..single stranded DNA


    flumazenil
    ans is..reverse antagonist






    ?
  39. sarrah.

    sarrah. Guest

    penetrating wound..
    ans is..2 cm deep

    there was a q on antigen presenting cells.
    mechanism of neutrophils killing by producing oxygen radicals -nadph oxidase,elastase,hydrase
    not a high radial nerve injury-extensor carpi radialis ,brachioradialis,
    increase in cholestrol remnants and vldl type of familial disorder-1 ,2a,2b,3
    broadening of anterior end of ribs -rickets/scurvy
    a q whose answer was genomic imprinting
    which of the following is polychloro compound-endrin,malation,paration
    pam acts by-reactivation of cholinestrase
    epispadias commonly associated with-widening of symphysis,separation of symphysis
    notching of ribs with-- coarctation of aorta
    best assessment for surgery in hemothorax-respiratory symptomatology?
    physiologically most active form of calcium-ionic
    wchich of the following is not a direct pathway of ATP production-hmp shunt , glycolysis


    1st sign of puberty..
    ans is..breast budding


    therapeutic index is measure of
    safety
    potency
    efficacy
    toxicity

    ans safety..



    mullerian dysgenesis..
    ans is..ovary



    hyper keratosis of palms and soles.. wit htrasverse bands on nails..
    ans is CHRONIC ARSENIC POISONING..
    ref reddys..



    reg pustuar soriasis... in 2nd trimester pre lady..
    ans is PREDNISOLONE..
    ref ..
    NEENA KHANNA..open page of psoriasis..look into table..
    MTX and RETINOIDS are teratogenic..
    MTX is folic acid antagonist cause NEURAL TUBE DEFECT..w can u gve it..
    ans is PREDNISOLONE...


    for composite muscle is rectus femoris...
    as composite muscles derived frm two places wth to nerve supplies...

    reg bld flow in brain during excercise..
    ans is DOES NT CHANGES...
  40. genius nam

    genius nam Guest

    aippg

    cervical c1 c2 view was asked

    dementia precox coined by? kraeplin

    KAP studies started with what? hiv,leprosy,tb,family plannin

    problem wit utilisation of glucose 6 po4 present in wich organ-liver,brain,kidney,muscle

    in g6pd hemolysis seen wit all except:quinine,chloroquine,procainamide???

    conus syndrome,wich is not seen :flexor plantar,absent knee jerk ??

    #thyroid cartilage,# hyoid with neck ms bruising seen in:strangulatin,hanging??

    man presents with multiple tender ulcers with undermined edges on glans penis after sexual exposure,diagnosis?:chancroid
  41. Javed.

    Javed. Guest

    Q saturated FA highest in..
    a. soyabean oil
    b. groundnut oil
    c. palm oil
    d.

    Q G-6-Phosphatase absent in..

    a. liver
    b. muscle



    Q. Okazaki fragments are seen in..

    a. dsDNA replication
    b. ssDNA replication
    c.
    d.

    Q. folding of proteins is d/t?..

    a. chaperon
    b.
    c.
    d.

    Q. intracellular protein assortment done by..

    a. Golgi apparatus
    b. lysosome
    c. mitochondria
    d. robosome

    Q. required for carboxylation of clotting factors..

    a. vitamin K
    b.
    c.
    d.



    Q basement membrane degeneration by??
    metalloproteinase

    Q. ATP does not directly form in..??

    a. glycolysis
    b. Kreb's cycle
    c. HMP shunt
    d.

    Q. phosphorylase b in inactivated state d/t

    a. ATP
    b. AMP
    c. calcium
    d.
  42. Javed.

    Javed. Guest

    Q.MC thyroid carcinoma?

    a. papillary
    b. follicular
    c. anaplastic
    d. lymphoma

    Q.virus asso with Ca cervix..

    a. HPV
    b. HIV
    c.
    d.

    Q.Rx of 55 yr female with simple hyperplasia endometrium with atypia..
    a. hysterectomy
    b. MPA
    c. LNG IUCD
    d.

    Q.Contraindication of vaginal delivery after C/S..
    a. classical C/S
    b. no h/o vaginal delivery
    c. breech
    d.

    Q. in mullerian agenesis all are seen except?

    a. absent ovary
    b. absent uterus
    c. absent fallopian tube
    d. absent vagina


    Q.Drugs in PPH except..

    a. misoprostol
    b. syntocinon
    c. syntometrin
    d. mifepristone

    Q. M/A for clomipohene citrate..

    a. removes FEEDBACK by estrogen at hypothalamus


    Q.reversal after Tubal Ligation is maw.with..

    a. isthmo-isthmic anastomosis
    b. isthmo-ampullary anastomosis
    c. cornual obstruction
    d.

    Q.DOC for CML..

    a. imatinib
    b.
    c.
    d.

    Q. MC pancreatic tumour in MEN 1..

    a. gastrinoma
    b. insulinoma
    c. glucagonoma
    d.

    Q. best investigation for intersitial lung disease..
    a. HRCT
    b.
    c.
    d.

    Q. investigation for 20 yr female with mild jaundice with spherocytes.. repeat Q -

    Coomb's test

    Q.poorest prognosis in AML..

    a. monosomy 7
    b. no cytogenentic abnormality
    c. t (15;17)
    d.

    Q.cellular BM with pancytopenia a/e - repeat Q
    dyserythropoietic anemia .
  43. Javed.

    Javed. Guest

    Which of the following is not used in the treatment of acute pulmonary edema ?

    1. Morphine
    2. Frusemide
    3. Subcutaneous adrenaline
    4. Aminophylline


    Perforation of bowel occurs in Enteric fever during ?

    a. 1st week
    b. 2nd week
    c. 3rd week
    d. 4th week

    Respiratory pattern seen in mid position transection with intact vagus nerve is ?

    a. As in deep Anaesthesia
    b. Slow and deep
    c. Rapid
    d. Apnoea
  44. Javed.

    Javed. Guest

    Q. which peptide antibiotic is an antitumor agent?
    a)valinomycin
    b)bleomycin
    c)dactinomycin


    Bleomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic produced by the bacterium Streptomyces verticillus. Bleomycin refers to a family of structurally related compounds. When used as an anti-cancer agent, the chemotherapeutical forms are primarily bleomycin A2 and B2. Bleomycin A2 is shown in the image. The drug is used in the treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma (as a component of the ABVD regimen), squamous cell carcinomas, and testicular cancer, pleurodesis as well as plantar warts.

    Q. most common cause of maternal mortality in India is

    Haemorrhage
    abortion
    septicemia
    obstructed labour

    Q. MOST SENSITIVE TEST FOR ACUTE KNEE INJURY ?
    LACHMAN
    ANT DRAWER
    PIVOT

    Q. organism involved in crohn's disease?

    a)Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis

    Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis is a pathogenic bacteria in the genus Mycobacteria.[1] It is often abbreviated Map, M. paratuberculosis, or M. avium sub. paratuberculosis.

    Q.5pollicization refers to?
    ans.thumb reconstruction


    Pollicization is a plastic surgery technique in which a thumb is created from an existing finger. Typically this consists of surgically migrating the index finger to the position of the thumb in patients who are either born without a functional thumb (most common) or in patients who have lost their thumb traumatically and are not amenable to other preferred methods of thumb reconstruction such as toe-to-hand transfers.

    Q. radiosensitive phase of cell cycle?
    a)g2 m
    b)g1
    c)s


    Q. ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE TRUE ABOUT V CHOLERA O 139 EXCEPT?

    SIMILAR TO EL TOR
    DISCOVERED IN CHENNAI
    PRODUCES O1 LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE
  45. Javed.

    Javed. Guest

    Q. cytogenetic abnormality in synovial sarcoma?
    ans: t(X;18) translocation

    Synovial sarcoma constitutes 8-10% of all sarcomas and most commonly affects adults in the third to fifth decades of life. This malignancy usually involves the extremities, especially the lower extremities around the knees. Synovial sarcoma is frequently misdiagnosed as a benign condition because of its often small size, slow growth, and well-defined appearance.
  46. Joseph.

    Joseph. Guest

    Q.true about kawasaki disease?ans:
    Coronary aneurysms develop in up to 25% of patients with Kawasaki disease


    The acute presentation is described by fever, rash, conjunctival injection, cervical lymphadenitis, inflammation of the lips and oral cavity, and erythema and edema of the hands and feet. The subacute phase of the disease follows resolution of the acute presentation with desquamation of palms and soles. The most well known features present on angiography are aneurysms in the coronary arteries. Saccular and fusiform aneurysms usually develop during the subacute phase; however, later aneurysm formation is possible. Coronary aneurysms develop in up to 25% of patients with Kawasaki disease

    Q.best view for C1-C2 #?
    ans:Odontoid View


    Odontoid View

    - Discussion:
    - to evaluate C1 (Jefferson), Dens, superior facets of C2;
    - for evaluating dens fractures, body of C2, & rotary C1-C2 dislocations;
    - mach lines - teeth, C1 arch;
    - open mouth view, along w/ lateral view, will reveal fractures of the dens ;
    - atlantoaxial articulation & integrity of dens and body of C2 are best
    seen on the odontoid view;
    - this is most technically most difficult film to obtain as it requires
    patient to open his mouth as wide as possible;
    - lateral masses of C1 should align over the lateral masses of C2;
    - lateral displacement of masses of C1 w/ respect to C2 may indicate
    Jefferson or burst fracture of the Atlas;
    - combined lateral mass displacement > 7 mm suggests that transverse
    ligament is torn;
    - children:
    - overlapping lateral masses can be a normal variant in children and
    therefore this view may not allos assessment of whether frx is
    stable or unstable;

    - Normal Variants of Dens: (see dens frx)
    - dens may be completely absent, hypoplastic, or incompletely fused to
    body of C2 (lesion called Os Odontoideum)
    - Os Odontoideum is smaller than normal dens & is fixed to anterior
    ring of C1: 2 move as a unit;
    - subluxation and instability are common;

    - Assessment of RA Patient:
    - state of the odontoid peg and the lateral processes can be assessed
    by open mouth views, though disease of the tempomandibular joint
    can make this difficult;
    - concomitant vertical subluxation may conceal amount of anteroposterior
    movement at the atlantoaxial level because broader base of odontoid
    peg comes to lie opposite anterior arch of the Atlas;

    - Technique:
    - the patient is positioned as for the supine AP;
    - central beam directed perpendicular to the midpoint of the open mouth;
    - patient should softly say 'ah' to depress the tongue to the floor
    of mouth during exposure;
  47. Anis.

    Anis. Guest

    most common thyroid Ca..
    ans is..pappilary


    Ca cervix..
    ans is..HPV


    maternal mortality..
    ans is..Obs hemorrhage


    test for Ac knee..
    ans is..lachmans test


    pustular psoriasis pregnancy DOC..
    ans is..steroids


    diffuse axonal injury..
    ans is..trauma



    12 with folic acid..
    ans is..folate alone cant hide neurologic symptom



    congenital nephrotic syndrome gene..
    ans is..nephrin


    MC newborn seizure..
    ans is..subtle
  48. Anis.

    Anis. Guest

    DOC severe pre eclempsia..
    ans is..labetelol


    MC occular morbidity..
    ans is..cataract(not refractive error !!)


    zoonotic disease a/e
    ans is..HIV

    volvulus a/e
    ans is..sigmoidoscopy not done


    radiological feature TB illeum a/e
    ans is..apple core


    biliary obstruction by a/e
    ans is..ankylostoma duodenale


    transretinoic acid therapy used in
    -------CML

    Q testicular feminisation synd all seen exc.
    ---------presence of pubic hair

    Q best urine sample taken
    -----------midstream

    Q right aortic arch seen in????

    Q female with palpable purpura on forearms and legs??

    Q rossetes seen in
    ----retinoblastoma,hepatoblastoma???

    Q achalasia cardia--women with progressive dysphgia for liquid and solid

    Q best site for bone graft
    ---------iliac crest
  49. neha123

    neha123 Guest

    most sterile urine sample..
    ans is..supra pubic aspiration

    right aortic arch seen in..
    ans is..corrected TGA


    alkalinization of urine..
    ans is..phenobarbital

    best method to prevent relapse of enuresis..
    ans is..bed alarm


    reactive O2 intermediates released by..
    ans is..NADPH


    death due to suffocation a/e..
    ans is..throttling
  50. shamim.

    shamim. Guest

    Hitselberger Sign seen in Vestibular Schwannoma/Acoustic Neuroma.

    Site of electrode implantation in Cochlear implants...don't remember the options but Dhingra pg. 156 Ed.3 says ,"The electrode is inserted 6 mm detrue about kawasaki disease?ans:
    Coronary aneurysms develop in up to 25% of patients with Kawasaki disease


    The acute presentation is described by fever, rash, conjunctival injection, cervical lymphadenitis, inflammation of the lips and oral cavity, and erythema and edema of the hands and feet. The subacute phase of the disease follows resolution of the acute presentation with desquamation of palms and soles. The most well known features present on angiography are aneurysms in the coronary arteries. Saccular and fusiform aneurysms usually develop during the subacute phase; however, later aneurysm formation is possible. Coronary aneurysms develop in up to 25% of patients with Kawasaki disease (8,9). Fifty percent of these aneurysms resolve within 2 years of the illness (8). Although regressed, previous aneurysm sites may manifest later stenosis, thrombotic occlusion, and accelerated atherosclerosis (10).ep into the scala tympani. The closest option was cochlear aqueduct.



    .ELECTRODES IN COCHLEAR IMPLANT ARE PLACED ON?
    a)lateral semicircular canal
    b)oval window
    c)round window
    d)cochlear aqueduct

    A cochlear implant (CI) is a surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf or severely hard of hearing. The cochlear implant is often referred to as a bionic ear. Unlike hearing aids, the cochlear implant does not amplify sound, but works by directly stimulating any functioning auditory nerves inside the cochlea with electrical impulses. External components of the cochlear implant include a microphone, speech processor and transmitter which also provides an individual to adjust the sound for quality and amplification.


    Electrode design
    The design of electrodes for cochlear prosthesis has been the focus of research for over two decades [10][11]. Some of the issues associated with electrode design are: (1) electrode placement, (2) number of electrodes and spacing of contacts, (3) orientation of electrodes with respect to the excitable tissue, and (4) electrode configuration.

    Electrodes may be placed near the round window of the cochlea (extracochlear), or in the scala tympani (intracochlear) or on the surface of the cochlear nucleus. Most commonly, the electrodes are placed in the scala tympani because it brings the electrodes in close proximity with auditory neurons which lie along the length of the cochlea. This electrode placement is preferred because it preserves the "place" mechanism used in a normal cochlea for coding frequencies. That is, auditory neurons that are "tuned" for high frequencies are stimulated whenever the electrodes near the base are stimulated, whereas auditory neurons that are "tuned" for low frequencies are stimulated whenever the electrodes near the apex are stimulated. In most cases, the electrode arrays can be inserted in the scala tympani to depths of 22-30 mm within the cochlea.

    The number of electrodes as well as the spacing between the electrodes affects the place resolution for coding frequencies. In principle, the larger the number of electrodes, the finer the place resolution for coding frequencies. Frequency coding is constrained, however, by two factors which are inherent in the design of cochlear prosthesis: (1) number of surviving auditory neurons that can be stimulated at a particular site in the cochlea, and (2) spread of excitation associated with electrical stimulation. Unfortunately, there is not much that can be done about the first problem, because it depends on the etiology of deafness. Ideally, we would like to have surviving auditory neurons lying along the length of the cochlea. Such a neuron survival pattern would support a good frequency representation through the use of multiple electrodes, each stimulating a different site in the cochlea. At the other extreme, consider the situation where the number of surviving auditory neurons is restricted to a small area in the cochlea. In that situation, a few electrodes implanted

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