ALL INDIA PRE PG EXAM 2008QUESTIONS/ANSWERS

Discussion in 'NEET 2013 All india Exam' started by Dr.Khan, Jan 16, 2008.

  1. Dr.Khan

    Dr.Khan Guest

    1. MOA of Paclitaxel-- increase microtubule polymerisation
    2. amyloidosis in dialysis---Beta 2 microglobin
    3. Vibrio cholera 0139--- does not have 01 antigen
    4. SYPHILITIC Aortitis-- calcification of ascending aorta
    5. m.c. seizure in neonate---Subtle seizure
    6. Crypt abscess-ulcerative colitis
    7. MOA Clomiphene---INHIBIT NEGATIVE FEEDBACK OF estrogen
    8. -BEST VIEW FOR c1 c2 fracture- Odontoid veiw
    9. Cervix cancer- hpv
    10. MC CAUSE OF Maternal mortality- haemorrhage

    11. DOC FOR Cml-imitanib
    12. MC PANCREATIC TUMOR IN Men-1 -- gastrinoma
    13. FUNCTION OF Apolipoprotein c --- lipoprotein lipase activator
    14. INV OF CHOICE FOR Interstitial lung ds- hrct
    15. Ab IN Cold autoimmune hemolytic anemia-donath landsteiner
    16. Torsion testis A/E—GIVE ANTIBIOTIC & CONSERVATIVE T/T
    ##17. Probiotics- used in necrotising enterocolitis (WHAT WERE THE OTHR OPTIONS?)
    18. Spermatogenesis ---require low temp
    19. Erythropoetin--- does not cause reticulocytopenia
    20.m.c. cause Puberty delay - constitutional

    21. Ear ossicle joint- synovial
    22. Basement membrane degeneration- metalloproteinase
    23. Synovial sarcoma translocation- t(x-18)
    24. Hodgkin ds - cd15,30
    25. Hmp shunt- no atp
    26. Psychrometer- humidity
    27. Pancytopenia with cellular bone marrow-cong dyserythropoetic anaemia
    28. Penicillin in pseudomonas- piperacillin
    29. Bacterial index/dharmendhra--- leprosy/dharmendra
    30. Thyroid cancer m.c. - papillary

    31. Hmb 45 - melanoma
    32. Lepra-2 REACTION treatment OF CHOICE - steroids
    33. Okazaki fragment-- ds dna replicatiom
    34. Diffuse axonal injury- white matter lesions AT GREY WHITE INTERFACE
    35. Vitamin b12 and folic acid given together because-- folic alone unmask neurotoxicity
    36. Yaws- not sexually transmitted
    37. P53a/e- wild type causes cancer
    38. Phase 2 clinical trial IS FOR - efficacy
    39. Flumazenil- benzodiazepine antagonist
    40. EARLIEST SIGN OF Puberty IN girl - thelarche braest bud


    41. NOT A Zoonosis - hiv
    42. Rib notching- coarctation of aorta
    43. NEONATAL Alveolar proteinosis (REPEAT q FROM NOV AIIMS )
    44. diaghragmatic hernia –INSERTION OF NASOGATRIC TUBE(SPEED IS WRONG IN THIS q)
    45. Volvulus A/E- sigmoidoscopy is C/I
    46. Biliary obstruction-not by ancyclostoma duodenale
    47. Henoch schonlein purpura-girl with purpura and abdominal symptoms
    48. Genetic imprinting
    49. Drug contraindicated in renal failure-streptomycin
    50. female with acantholysis--Pemphigus vulgaris


    51. aml Worse prognosis- monosomy 7
    52. Prion -infectious
    53. Prion- most resistant to sterilisation
    54. Vaccine c/I in pregnancy-mmr
    55. low vision who--6/18 to 3/60
    56. Soil borne a/e - brucella
    57. Sarcoidosis- band keratopathy
    58. Ferruginous body- asbestosis
    59. Pick disease- tau
    60. LEAST RECUURENCE RATE IN Enuresis-alarm THERAPY



    61. Golgi body--- cell compartment decider
    62. Ipratropium bromide c/i- urinary retention
    63. Vein in paraduodenal fossa- inferior mesentric
    64. 55 yr with uterine atypia- hysterectomy
    65. Saturated fatty acids- palm oil
    ##66. Bilateral torticollis, heterotopic calcification A/E-prognosis IS GOOD
    67. NOT A SIDE EFFECT OF Tacrolimus- hirsutism
    ##68. Hirscprung, no meconium for 48 hrs- MANOMETRY
    69. bp measured by spyghmomanometer—DIRECTL Y PROPERTIONAL TO VELOCIT OF BLOOD
    70. T/T OF Bartholin abscess- EXCISON(REPEAT FROM PRETEST)
    71. Fatty yellow liver- arsenic
    72. MC ASSOSIATED ANOMALY WITH Coarctation of aorta- bicuspid valve
    73. Resistant malaria-drug used doxycycline (REF-HARRISON)
    74. Torsades de pointes- quinine
    75. Alkalisation of urine -BARBITURATE
    76. epispadias ASSOSIATED WITH-SEPRATION OF Symphysis pubis-
    77. Nigro protocol- ONLY anal chemoradiation IN PLACE OF SURGERY
    ##78. PRETERM Induction of labour- a/e heart ds
    79. SyntoMETRIN- not given in heart ds
    80. Isotretinoin used in acute promyelocytic leukemia
    81. Sensory supply from masseter goes to - mesencephalic nucleus
    82. Lachman test- BEST FOR acute knee injury
    83. Crohn disease- mycobacterium PARA TB
    84. Pollicisation- thumb reconstruction FROM FINGER
    85. Leukovorin-methotrexate
    86. Mullerian dysgenesis a/e- absent ovary
    87. Antiphospholipid syndrome a/e-PANCYTOPENIA
    88. Glucose 6 phosphate breaking enzyme absent in- muscle
    89. Von-gierke disease
    90. Biologically active calcium is- ionised

    91. Isolation use in- pneumonic plague
    92. HYPERLUCENCY ON X-RAY & OBSTRUTIVE PATTERN-Bronchiolitis obliterans
    93. Stabilises new clot- factor 13
    ##94. Placenta accreta m.c predisposing factor--- previous c.s. scar /CURRETAGE/PLACENTA PREVIA

    95. post partum haemorrhage--not used mifepristone
    ##96. ABOUT Rubella A/E-pda IS THE MOST COMMON CONGENITAL ANOMALY(DEAFNESS IS MC,BUT CONTROVERSY ABOUT SEX RATIO ALSO PERSISTS)
    97. Protein synthesis inhibitor- tetracycline
    [snip]. Thymoma - myasthenia gravis
    99. Most common site for bone graft- iliac crest
    #100. Allergic fungal sinusitis—ORBITAL PENETRATION

    *ANY DIFFERENCES IN OPINION ARE WELCOME,BUT PLZ GV REF

    ##101. Rh factor is- MUCOPOLYSACCHRIDE
    102. Water soluble vitamin- folic acid
    103. Streptococcos antigen shared with synovium - hyaluronic acid
    104. Photoelectric effect--outermost electron
    105. Live vaccines-2 cannot be given together
    106. Normal heart-denervation leads to tachycardia
    107. Neck penetrating trauma--platysma breach
    108. Nasal septum- no lacrimal bone
    109. Growth factor like protooncogene- sis
    110. Posterior mediastinal tumour- neuroenteric cyst
    111. Therapeutic index-safety
    112. Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous--patau
    113. Enterococci a/e- sensitive to penicillin
    114. Death due to suffocation in a/e - throttling
    115. Drug of choice for supraventricular tachycardiaVERAPRAMIL
    ##116. Retinoblastoma with second primary osteosarecoma D/T A/E- P53 MUTATION>CHEMOTHERAPY
    117. Triple response-Axon reflex
    118. Congenital nephrotic syndrome mutation- nephrin
    119. Pneumocystis jevorici-- affects only immunocompromised >CULTURED FROM SPUTUM
    120. MC CAUSE OF Ocular morbidity in india – REFRACTIVE ERROR
    ##121. Alcoholic with acute pancreatitis with stone IN DISTAL PANCREATIC DUCT- DISTAL PANCREATECTOMY/LONGITUDNAL P.J./ENDOSCOP????????????????

    ##122. Fat lady asymptomatic cholecystitis with stone with dyspepsia- LAP CHOLEY AFTER2 MONTH /T/T WITH IV ANALGESIC WHEN PAIN OCCURS/LAP.CHOLEY IMMEDIATE/
    123 BEST TEST FOR Diffuse oesophageal spasm -- manometry
    124 DUCT PAPPILOMA BRESTT/T-MICRODOCETOMY
    125. Isoflurane vs desflurane A/E- ISOFLURANE IS MORE CARDIODEPRRESENT THEN DES
    126 Tubectomy with highest recanalisation rate- isthmo-isthmic
    127. Posterior column TRANSMITS A/E- temparature
    128. TRIAL OF LABOUR c/I - previous classical cs
    129. Vocal nodule- voice therapy & PPI
    130. Locking of knee- tibia fixed.femur medial rotation
    131 Community health centre chc- 1 st referral
    132 Tuberculosis of ileocecal region a/e- applecore
    ##133 Nutritional surveillance a/e ---it is diagnostic
    134. Liver lobes resected LEFT TO FALCIFORM LIGAMENT- 2 and 3
    135. Diptheria prophylaxis- erythromycin

    136. Man with headache and son with leukemia-adjustment
    137. Panic attack- 25 yr man ,NO ECG CHANGES
    ##138. 1ST TEST FOR Erectile dysfunction in opd- sildenafil >CAVERNOSOMETRY
    139. Horizontal gaze controlled by- abducents
    140.. Special efferent A/E- facial nerve
    141. Type b impedance, CONDUCTIVE DEAFNESS,lymph node IN POST.GROUP- nasopharyngeal cancer
    142. Transverse lines nails, skin pigment- arsenic poison
    143. Right sided aortic arch-TRUNCUS ARTERIOSUS>tof
    144. Route of sperms-- straight-rete-epidydimis
    145. CRESENTIC glomerulopathy A/E- ALPORT
    146. Ring sideroblast- myelodysplastic syndrome
    147. Sarcolemmal protein a/e --perlocan
    148. Diploic veins A/E—APPEAR BY 8 WKS
    149. Cavernous sinus tributary A/E-- deep MIDDLE CVEREBELLAR VEIN
    150. Intractable glaucoma- melanoma of ant iris
    151. Sibling with cah, present preagnancy management- steroid WHEN DIAGNOSIS OF PREGNANCY then cvs
    152. Health is only central government responsibility- false
    153. Alcoholic smoker –ATROPHIC GLLOSITIS-ANS IS CHECK B12 LEVELS
    154 PATCHES OF GREY HAIR………………..-----alopecia areata
    155. Heparin in pregnancy- calcium prophylaxis

    156. Mitral stenosis ist sign- ELEVATION OF LEFT BRONCHUS>double ATRIAL shadow

    157. Umbilical artery DOPPLER- S/D RATIO INCRESED IN NICOTINE & TOBBACO SMOKING
    158. Premenstrual symptoms d.o.c.- ssri
    159. Phosphorylase b inactivated state by- atp
    160. Pulmonary hypertension first sign- upper lobe vein dilatation
    161. Migratory thrombophlebitis in a/e- /prostate ca
    162. Mip-2 in lens--- water out
    163 Concurrent list a/e-- resposinble for mangement of medical education and profession
    164. Digastric muscle A/E-STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID

    165. Not a COMPOSITE muscle- RECTUS FEMORIS

    166. Abdomen trauma hemodynamically stable rib fracture NEXT STEP- imaging
    167 Ureteric stone pain is due to- RENAL CAPSULE DISTENTION>EXCEESIVE PERISTALSIS
    168. Lateral corticospinal tract –PAIN,TEMP.
    169 Extramedullary spinal tumour A/E-EARLY UPPER MOTOR N. LESION
    170 Uro surgery bladder spasm given a/e- ipratropium
    171. Conus medullarisA/E- absent knee jerk
    172. Hiv patient on anti retroviral plus hip pain 6 months- AVASCULAR NECROSIS(OSTEONECROSIS)

    173. ENDOSalpingitis investigation- hysterosALPINGOGRAPHY
    174. Gfr measurement- dtpa
    175. Peptide chemotherapeutic- bleomycin
    ##176 Bilateral gas in infant under diaphragm- PERFORATION OF STOMACH
    177 LOOSE BODIESIN SYNOVIAL FLUID,charcots JOINT IN DIABETIS T/T a/e- ARTHROCENTESIS

    178. CARPOBasal index- sex
    179. Equal duration of interview eliminate which bias-RECALL BIAS
    180. 6 yr old with 2 yr hematuria,no other abnormality-iga
    181. child with anal atresia and passage of meconuria –SIGMOID COLOSTOMY
    182. effect of exercise on cerebral blood flow-- no change
    183. Hepatitis carrier- follow up
    184. what helps in lymph drainage from foot –LEG MASSAGE
    ##185. upto what level does bronchial artery supplies blood- respiratory bronchiole/TERMINAL
    186. Tb osteomyelitis A/E- ABUNDANT PERIOSTEAL REACTION
    187. Most common teratogenic CNS infections-- CMV and toxoplasmosis
    188. Meningitis in elderly a/e- GRAM NEGATIVE BACILLI
    ##189. Delphis method –FOR REACHING TO CONCLUSION/QUALITATIVE
    190. Enteric fever a/e- amikacin
    191 ac pancreatitis preferred route of nutrition -post jejunostomy feeding tube
    192. FEMALE,25R,SpherocytoES,INV.- coombs test
    193. Graft vs host ds A/E- gvhd moRE common With plasma components then whole blood
    194. NOT A Facial nv pointer EXCEPT – TRAGAL(CARTILAGENOUS POINTER)
    {{{{{{{SHOCKED,NO ITS NOT A TYPING MISTAKE ,PLZ READ THE q VERY CAREFULLY,IT ULTIMATLY MEANT WHICH ONE IS A FACIAL N.POINTER,& IAM QUIET SURE ABOUT IT}}}}}}}
    195.LEAST IMP IN Non communicable ds- SPECIFICITY OF ASSO.

    196. T/T OF PERFORATED Necrotising enterocolitis-PUT PERITONEAL DRAIN
    (IF IT WAS AMONGST THE OPTIONS THEN SURELY IT IS THE ANS NEXT BEST WUD BE STABLISATION THEN DEF.SURGEY LATTER)
    197. Acute cholecystitis- bladder invisible on hida (CAN NYBODY TELL ALLTHE OPTIONS)

    198. trauma in region of pancreas,DISTAL STMACH,DUODENUM --Whipple procedure
    199. Whipple disease seen are- histiocytosis IN LAMINA PROPRIA
    200. Recurrent abortions a/e --torch
    201. Iceberg-- apparent and non apparent disease
    202. what is the correct age of surgical treatment in a child with microtia- 5 YR
    203. Low radial nerve palsy- no weakness of brachioradialis
    204 not included in IMNCI- neonatal tetanus
    205 -No langerhans cells in lungs

    206 G6pd hemolysis a/e- pyrimethamine >CHLOROQUINE
    207 . Floatation test can be negative- atelectasis
    208 Kap system WAS STARTED AFTER- FAMIL PLANNING PROGRAM
    ##209 TRUE Morula –TRANSPORTED ACTIVELY IN TUBE
    210. Tetracycline A/E- not teratogenic
    211 Splenectomy on child on ventilator itp, when to give platelets-withLIGATION of splenic pedicle
    212 Ocular neurofibromatosis causes--glaucoma
    #213 Cerebellar astrocytoma a/e-poor prognosis
    214-INCRESED CHLOMICRION & VLDL RENANT Familial hypercholesterolemia--type 3
    215. Action of Bradykinin –MEDIATES Pain

    216. Chaperones- protein folding
    ##217 Superantigen A/E- ACTIVATION RTEQUIRES BINDING TO BOTH TCR & MHC
    218. Cvs sampling a/e --neural tube defect
    219. Flared ribs-- rickets
    220. Pyelonephritis & uti CAN BE DIFFRETIATED B A/E-- >(10)8 BACTERIA
    221. Testicular feminisation syndrome A/E- ABUNDANT pubic hair
    ##222. Cushing- high adh
    *223. C3 normal glomerulonephritis
    *224 Staph saprophyticus
    *225. Methicillin resistance a/e

    226. Recommended dietary allowance rda a/e- take care of needs of ALL PEPOLE
    227. Carboxylation- vit k
    228. Penicillin g A/E- EFFECTIVE AGAINST BOTH G+ & G-
    229. DOC 4 NEURO(CNS) syphilis- procaine penicillin >BENZATHINE
    230- Std, 5 day sloughing ulcer- chancroid
    231 Not a Complication of hemithyroidectomy-- Low Ca
    232 Pralidoxime MOA? Reactivation OF ACHESTERASE
    233. Cervix cancer staging- no ct scan
    234. ACHLASIA CARDIA on xray
    235 propofol--c/i in porphyria

    236 MALIGNANT hypertension histology A/E-- hyaline arteriosclerosis
    237.contrast allergy-- anaphylACTOID
    238. train of 4- nmdr
    239 All are tocolytics except.. KETAMINE(OTHR OPTIONS WERE SALBUTAMOL,RITODRINE,ISOFLURANE)
    ##240. ALL ARE DISADVANTAGES OF calender method EXCEPT- ???
    241 true about lactation mastitis.—ABSCESS CAN FORM & MAY REQUIRE DRAINAGE
    242 LEAST CONTAMINATION for urine collection IN-- suprapubic aspiration
    243 trus in prostate--- biopsy >VOLUME
    244 MC posterior mediastinal tumour.. neurofibroma
    245 best guide to operate in blunt thorax trauma—CHEST TUBE OUTPUT

    246 anal fissure IS diagnosed by--- HISTORY & SUP.INSPECTION>anoscopy
    247 not true about congenital adrenal hyperplasia –BOYS DEVELOP SYMPTOM AT PUBERTY
    248 male with sudden death at basketball found hypertrophied septum.. repeat Q - HOCM
    249 hitselberger sign loss of sensation in external auditary canal- acoustic neuroma
    250 standard deviation is for.-DISPERSION AROUND MEAN
    251 complete family size..tfr
    252 abortion sticks - mechanism - repeat Q - stimulation of uterine contraction
    253 polychlorinated hydrocarbon is..—eneldrin
    254. Severe hypertension preeclampsia -NIFEDEPINE>labetelol >METHYLDOPA
    255 Reactive oxygen intermediates- nadph OXIDASE
    256. Soft tick TRANSMITS-RELAPSING FEVER>KFD
    257 - CYCLOSPORINE ??
    ##258. Tubectomy with least failure- hulka clip /UNIPOLAR CAUTERY
    259. TERM Dementia precox WAS GIVEN BY- kraeplin
    260 Secretin a/e -increases acidity of bile
    261. Most radiosensitive phase- g2m
    262. Vas deferens blood supply- superior vesical
    263. Facial colliculus at which level- pons
    264. AntifungalA/E--CLOFASAMINE
    265. Genital wart immunomodulator used- imiquimod
    266. Urine discoloration IN A/E quinine
    267 m.c. occupational cancer- skin
    268. Rape, vaginal epithelial cells- lugols iodine
    269. Not an Antidepressant- Resperidone
    270. Ebbe estlander flap- lip
    271 Kawasaki disease- 25% coronary artery aneurysm
    272. Not a cancer- FIBROMATOSIS
    273. SKIN NEAR large Saphenous vein IS SUPPLIED BY- FEMORAL NERVE(SAPHENOUS N. WAS NOT AMONGST THE OPTIONS
    274. Hereditary haemochromatosis A/E-DESFERRIOXAMINE IS THE T/T OF CHOICE
    275. Post traumatic stress disorder A/E-NUMBNESS OF EMOTIONS
    276. MC CAUSE OF Conn syndrome- adrenal adenoma
    277. Meniscal tear location repair preffered- OUTER1/3
    278. Coronary ligament in knee joint –B/N MENISCUS & TIBIA
    279. Diptheritic colitis like poison- mercury
    280. H5n1- bird flu
    281. Dying back neuropathy IN A/E-GBS
    282. Blood supply cruciate ligament- MIDDLE GENICULAR
    283. Compound not seen in photoreceptor complex matrix- MIMECAN
    284. Gomez criteria A/E-BASED ON HEIGHT
    285. ELECTRODES IN Cochlear implant PLACED ON-ROUND WINDOW
    286. boyndi ring-- choroid plexus



    287. detoxification of drugs all except..Ans is . cytochrome oxidase
    288. measles a/e-NOT INFECTIVE IN PRODROMAL PERIOD
    289. delayed prolonged bleeding by.. ENDOTHELIAL RETRACTION
    290. MC BLOOD TRANSFUSION reaction..ANS IS febrile nonhemolytic reaction
    291 transport of neutrl substane across plasma membrane-- porin
    292 Rossetes- retinoblastoma
    293. antigen presenting cell A/E-ALL EPITHELIAL & ENDOTHELIAL CELL CAN ACT AS APC
    294 alpha 2 haptoglobin
    295 suture absorbable A/E---- proline
    296 PREGNANCY WITH PUSTULAR PSORIASIS T/T-ORAL STEROIDS
    ##297. Active management of 3rd stage of labour? MASSAGE OF UTERUS/OXYTOCIC WITHIN ONE MINUTE
    298 Calcium bids to ? Troponin C
    299. Chronic regional pain synd? Anhidrosis
    300. TRUE REGARDING SYPLHILLIS—GUMMA ARE SEE IN TERTIARYSYPHILLS.
  2. aippg

    thnx a lot dear............... :)
  3. Guest

    Guest Guest

    thank you
  4. Guest

    Guest Guest

    thnx a lot Dr.Khan.
  5. Guest

    Guest Guest

    where do i get the aipgmee2008 question paper???pls help
  6. Bobyiz.

    Bobyiz. Guest

    APPG2008 subjectwise qtns&answers
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Pathology

    1.Bacteremic shock main Pathology
    • Dec peripheral vascular resistance
    2.All r intraepithelial/invasive ca. except
    • Pagets dis bone
    • Pagets dis nipple
    • Pagets dis vulva
    • Pagets dis perinium
    3.Wilsons dis not true
    • Increased serum ceruloplasmin
    4.All lined by non stratified sqamous epithelium except
    • Outer surface of tympanic mem
    • Esophagus
    • Oropharynx
    • laryngopharynx
    5.Basement mem cleavage&subepithelial deposits
    • membranous GN• rapidly progressive
    6.Which endocarditis/vegetations cause valvular damage
    • rheumatic
    • libmansacs
  7. Bobyiz.

    Bobyiz. Guest

    1.Gene is
    1. cistron

    2.Dna primer attached by
    • poly U
    • poly M
    3.Muscle not affected in which glycogen storage dis
    • type 1
    •
    4.Csf blood flow regulated by all except
    • Dec po2
    • Inc pco2
    • ICT
    • BP
    5..Guardian of genome

    • p53
  8. Bobyiz.

    Bobyiz. Guest

    1.k+ con.increased 4-10 m eq/l in ecf
    • Paralysis of na pump
    •
    2.electromyography
    • Records electrical activity of msl without stimulation
    • Electic stimulation of msl
    3. o2 hb curve shift to left
    • Incresed ph
    4.shortest acting hormone
    • Hydrocortisone
    • Norepinephrine
    • insulin
    5.spermatogenesis true
    •
    6.all secred by gastric mucosa except
    • Lipase
    • Pepsinogen
    • Hcl
    • Intrinsic factor
    7.o2 delivery to tissues greatly decrese b y
    • Co poisoning
    8.Serial 4 stimuli at an interval of
    • 10
    • 20
    • 30
    • 60sec
    9.Csf blood flow regulated by all except
    • Dec po2
    • Inc pco2
    • ICT
    • BP
  9. Bobyiz.

    Bobyiz. Guest

    1.All r branches of internal maxillary a. except
    a.inferior tympanic
    b.middle meningeal
    2. Azygous v. typically begins
    a.post aspect of ascending lumbar
    b. post aspect of ivc
    3.Acton of ant. Fibres of deltoid
    a.flexion&mal rotation
    b.flexion
    4.Post obturator supplies a/e
    a.obturator internus
    b.obturator externus
    c.adductor magnus
    d.knee jt.
    5.Ext carotid usually ligated
    a.above origin of superior thyriod
    b. “ ascending pharyngeal
  10. HANNU

    HANNU Guest

    ABT MDS

    CAN ANYBODY TELL ME,WAT MAKES TARGET BETTER THAN AHEAD? does the coachn matter at all?
  11. Nin13

    Nin13 Guest

    Thanks!!!!!!!!!!!11
  12. Guest

    Guest Guest

    thanx soooooooo much sir
  13. VeenAbinay

    VeenAbinay Guest

    Correct me if i'm wrong, but triple response as a whole is due to histamine release... The flare component alone is because of axonal reflex.

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