ALL INDIA PRE PG EXAM 2009 ALL 300 QUESTIONS -

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  1. Guest

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    1. Proteus – triple phosphate renal stone
    2. Appetite stimulant a/e – melanocyte stimulating hormone, melanocyte corticotropic releasing hormone, neuropeptide Y
    3. non invasive diarrhoea a/e – shigella, b.cereus, salmonella, y.enterocolitica
    4. closely related to anterior commisure – orbit gyrus, uncus, optic chiasma
    5. Probability – 6/25, 3/5, 2/5
    6. IDEAS –
    7. Hernia – loop/end colostomy, loop/end ileostomy
    8. Anatomical snuff box – radial a, brachial a, interroseus a, ulnar a
    9. Foreign body sensation in the eye, arthritis – tb, sarcoidosis
    10. Immediately after eating dyspneoa, cyanosis – allergy
    11. Lupus anticoagulant – increase in aPTT only, abortion in pregnant females, can occur without other signs of lupus
    12. Milkman # - pseudo#
    13. Punched out lesion in skull – electrophoresis, calcium, alp
    14. Least polar – methyl, carboxyl, amino, phosphate
    15. Nerve entrapment all except – femoral, lat cut n of thigh, tibial, common digital
    16. Mammography less sensitive in young women – less gland & more fat
    17. Medulla blood supply all except – ant spinal, bulbar, basal, post cerebellar a
    18. Trochlear n – ipsilateral sup oblique, longest intracranial n, dorsal n, outside annulus of zinn
    19. Vasomotor centre of medulla – only baroreceptor not chemoreceptor
    20. Chronic low back pain – pain management, exercise, remove the etiology
    21. Pauci immune glomerulonephritis – microangiopathic, alport, sle
    22. Coombs positive anaemia – sle, ttp
    23. juxta foveal telangiectasia a/e – variant of coats, macular telangiectasia,
    24. diabetic retinopathy treatment a/e – seal the tear, remove peripheral retinal layers, vitrectomy, photocoagulation
    25. narrow angle glaucoma avoid – duloxetine, citalopram, fluphenazine,
    26. valproate causes a/e – weight gain, alopecia, liver damage,
    27. uveal effusion a/e – myopia, abnormal scleral structure, scleritis, cilio-choroid can get separated
    28. nitrosamine – hypotension and bradycardia
    29. paravertebral block can go to a/e – epidural space, subarachnoid space, paravertebral space, intercostals space
    30. neuroblastoma – most common extracranial solid tumour in children, >50% come with mets, lung mets common, invove aorta and branches at early stage.
    31. monetary fund given to – schizophrenia, dementia, mental retardation
    32. normal curve – mean=sd, mean=median, mean=variance
    33. frequency distribution – histogram
    34. involvement of sweat gland and hair follicles – lichen scrofulosum, military tb
    35. all are direct cutaneous disease except – psoriasis, reiter’s disease, lichen planus
    36. scarring alopecia – t.capitis, androgenic alopecia, alopecia areata, lichen planus
    37. adrenal adenoma a/e – hypoechoic on non contrast ct, contrast appears early and washes out late, regular border
    38. casper dictum –
    39. stellate wound – 2 feet distance, distant shot, contact wound, close range
    40. pedestrian with multiple abrasions – primary impact, sec impact, tert impact.
    41. para 3+0,CIN 3 in one quadrant on pap smear, what is the management – cryosurgery, conisation, hysterectomy
    42. thyroid papillary ca 2cm – near total with rnd, hemithyroidectomy
    43. follicular adenoma vs carcinoma – hurthle cell, increased mitosis, vascular invasion
    44. sertoli cells – meiosis, spermatogenesis, seminal fluid, testosterone
    45. obstructive azoospermia – fsh and lh
    46. smoking assoc with a/e – ca larynx, nasopharynx, bladder, oesophagus
    47. latest WHO scale of disability – ideas
    48. SEPS –
    49. commonest organ to be injured in bomb blast – lung
    50. causes pf hypercoagulability a/e – paraproteinemia, infections, inflammatory bowel disease
    51. features of pnh – DVT, massive splenomegaly,
    52. thromboembolism assoc with a/e – pnh, diabetes
    53. cannot be defined in operational terms – mission, goal, objective, target
    54. cannot be defined in operational terms – mission, goal, objective, target
    55. leptospirosis a/e – treatment of choice iv penicillin g, 10-15% mortality, rat urine
    56. all true except – leptospirosis rat urine, tetanus dust droplets, listeria refridgerated food
    57. all true except – hypochlorite virucidal, glutaraldehyde sporicidal, phenol require organic material
    58. all true except – zinc def pulmonary problems, milk alkali synd hypercalcemia, selenium def cardiac problem
    59. precocious puberty boy 5years with pubic hair, bp 120/90 – 11b hydroxylase, deoxycorticosterone, 17 a hydroxylase, aldosterone
    60. positive urinary anion gap – alcoholoic ketoacidosis, diabetic ketoacidosis, glue, diarrhoea
    61. water sample estimation a/e – clostridium recent contamination
    62. nutritional survey a/e – 1 to 4 year mortality, babies < 2.5 kg, mother hb < 11.5
    63. q fever vector – aerosol
    64. crude birth rate a/e – ratio, fertility indicator, still born excluded
    65. imci includes a/e – malaria, resp infections, diarrhoea, tb
    66. trauma patient with gcs score 15, bp 100/80 next step – iv fluid with blood for cross matching, immediate transfusion, take him to theatre
    immediately
    67. ductal carcinoma in situ best investigation – usg, mammography, mri, pet
    68. calcification of post spinal ligament a/e – begins from thoracic level
    69. neural tube closes from – cranial, caudal, lumbar
    70. chronic renal failure patient with hyperkalemia immediate treatment before dialysis to reduce potassium levels – calcium gluconate, sod bicarbonate, glucose with insulin
    71. after starvation which site will have max glucose receptor – brain, rbc, adipose tissue
    72. lipoprotein lipase a/e – adipocytes, myocytes, does not need CII as cofactor
    73. child bites his fingers – hgprtase def, adenosine deaminase def
    74. after cutting with restriction enzymes segments joined by – dna ligase, polymerase
    75. colon carcinoma a/e – mismatch repair genes, k ras, b cantenin, apc
    76. comet tail artefact – adenomyomatosis
    77. aedes mosquito a/e - constant biters, eggs cannot survive more than one week without water, transmit dengue,
    78. dengue hmgic fever a/e – type 1 serotype, reinfection with the same serotype, reinfection with diff serotype
    79. hiv maximum transmission – homosexual, heterosexual, blood transfusion, needle prick
    80. hiv enters via – cd4, cd5, cd6, cd 56
    81. GIST which is increased max – cd 117, s 100
    82. pancreatic transplant with bladder catheter – urine amylase, blood amylase, blood glucose
    83. 29 yrs with diabetes, no ketonuria, father does not have DM , grandfather has DM – mody, dm1, DM 2
    84. RCC a/e – polycythemia, cushings, hypertension
    85. angiotensin a/e – vasodilatation, increases thirst, stimulates adh
    86. renal Physiology a/e – dct is always hypoosmotic, source of blood to glomerulus?afferent tubule, efferent tubule
    87. reversible ischaemia – muga, thallium
    88. maltese cross – blastomycosis, penicillium, candida
    89. deep perineal pouch a/e – bulbourethral gland, urethral sphincter, root of penis
    90. pelvic diaphragm a/e - colles fascia, deep transverse perinii, superficial transverse perinii
    91. aortic aneurysm rupture – anterior, posterior, lateral, intraperitoneal
    92. m.c. site of subclavian artery constriction – 1st part, 2nd, 3rd, entire artery
    93. arteriovenous shunt a/e – found in all organs, thermoregulation, not under the control of ANS
    94. pseudomonas multocida - ?
    95. mifepristone used in – threatened abortion, fibroid, ectopic pregnancy
    96. lactating female best contraceptive – barrier method, lactational amenorrhoea
    97. laproscopic sterilisation not done in – heart disease, hiatus hernia [snip]. incontinenti pigmenti – 100% ophthalmic problems, x linked dominant, skin rash, associated with eye problems
    99. neurofibromatosis a/e – autosomal recessive
    100. trotters triad – deafness, palatal palsy, trigeminal neuralgia, seizures
    101. tuberous sclerosis triad – facial angiomatosis, mental retardation, seizures, rhabdomyosarcoma
    102. the following species of borrelia cause relapsing fever except –
    103. pancreatic carcinoma a/e – 75% associated with p53 mutation, 5 year survival for stage 3 is 10-15%
    104. gold standard test to diagnose insulinoma – c peptide levels, 72 hrs fasting glucose, glucose value < 32mg%
    105. a 9 year old girl posted for tonsillectomy, massive haemorrhage with prolonged aPTT and normal PT – factor 8 def, factor 9 def, vWF def
    106. simple random sampling – everyone has equal chance of being picked
    107. incidence rate can be calculated from – prospective studies
    108. all are analytical studies except – field trials, case control, cohort, ecological
    109. baby clinic a/e – baby 24hrs with mother, after normal delivery breast feeding within 4 hrs,
    110. target strategy in aids a/e – education, treatment of STD, antiretroviral treatment, condoms
    111. chemoprophylaxis available for all except – meningitis, typhoid, cholera,
    112. vaccine with highest efficacy – measles, dpt, oral typhoid, tetanus
    113. the following vaccine when contaminated causes toxic shock syndrome – measles vaccine
    114. the following contractions of esophagus are stationary – primary, secondary, tertiary, quarternary
    115. late expanding phase of population – birth rate stationary death rate falling, birth rate lower than death rate, falling death rates with low birth rate
    116. fish odour from vaginal discharge – gardenella vaginalis, trichomonas vaginalis, candida
    117. all the following are composite muscles except – flexor carpi ulnaris, flexor digitorum profundus, pectineus, biceps femoris
    118. the following joint has least chances for recurrent dislocation – ankle, hip, shoulder, knee
    119. hemochromatosis a/e – phlebotomy is not useful, common in females, complete penetrance.
    120. a young female had following lab values mcv 70, hb 10 mg%, serum iron 60, serum ferritin 100, the diagnosis is – thalassemia trait, chroinic iron deficiency anaemia, megaloblastic anaemia, folic acid def
    121. facilitated diffusion is – requires carrier transport, does not depend upon electrical gradient, is a form of active transport, requires creatine phosphate
    122. oxygen demand of heart – increases in a constant proportion with heart rate, depends on systolic work, is negligible when heart is at rest
    123. pulsatile large liver is seen in – tricuspid regurgitation, aortic aneurysm, mitral regurgitation
    124. systolic thrill in left 2nd or 3rd intercostal space is seen in a/e – subpulmonic vsd, pink TOF, ebsteins anomaly
    125. a down syndrome patient is posted for surgery, the necessary pre-op investigation to be done is – echocardiography, ct brain, x ray cervical spine
    126. zenkers diverticulum true statement is – lies above the cricopharyngeus muscle, barium xray lateral view, it is not a true diverticulum, is congenital
    127. all are the uses of lithium except – major depression, anxiety, vascular headache, neutropenia
    128. a female child was brought with complaint of generalised swelling of her body. She was passing fatty cast in her urine. No haematuria. The true statement is – no IgG or C3 deposition seen on renal biopsy, her C3 levels could be low, she is suffering from a nephritic type of kidney diasease, alport syndrome
    129. von hippel landau syndrome consists of a/e – gastric cancer, renal cell carcinoma, phaechromocytoma, cerebral and retinal haemangiomas.
    130. finnish type of nephrotic syndrome is due to mutation in – nephrin, podocin
    131. renal polycystic disease in children all are true except – autosomal dominant, renal and hepatic cysts
    132. splicing is brought about by – sn RNA, m RNA
    133. superior middle alveolar artery is a branch of –
    134. splenic artery gives all the following branches except – gastro epiploic, short gastric, pancreatica magna
    135. chemotherapy is given to all the following cancers except – (various stages of different cancers were in the options)
    136. triple assessment of cancer breast includes – history, clinical examination, biopsy
    137. necrotising fasciitis a/e – due to group b haemolytic streptococcus, debridement is mandatory, involves trunk and lower limbs
    138. the following cephalosporin doesn’t need dose modifications depending on gfr values – cefoperazone
    139. tacrolimus side effect – nephrotoxicity, neurotoxicity
    140. hand foot and mouth syndrome – capecitabine, carboplatin, cisplatin
    141. amifostine – salivary gland, skin, GIT, brain
    142. small cell lung cancer true statement – it is chemosensitive, does not involve the bone marrow
    143. ifosphamide is – an alkylating agent
    144. liquefactive necrosis is seen in – gangrene, tuberculosis
    145. reduces bone resorption and increases bone formation – teraparatide, strontium, alendronate, calcitonin
    146. the nephrotoxicity of cisplatin is increased by a/e – rifampicin, vancomycin, gentamycin,
    147. treatment of severe falciparum malaria – quinine, chloroquine, artesunate, artemether
    148. hepatitis C true statement is – most common cause for liver transplantation, does not cause liver cancer, dna virus, cannot infect a person already infected with hepatitis B
    149. parvo virus B 19 false statement is – can cross the placenta in only <10% cases, dna virus, causes anaemia
    150. all cause traumatic asphyxia except – railway accident, road accident, trampled by crowd, accidental strangulation.
    151. true statement of RDA - RDA is defined statistically as 2 standard deviations (SD) above the EAR to ensure that the needs of most individuals are met
    152. restless leg syndrome seen in – chronic renal disease, hyperkalemia, hypocalcemia
    153. cyanosis does not occur in anaemia because – certain amount of reduced hb has to be present, in anaemia oxygen saturation increases
    154. 2,3 disphosphoglycerate not increased in - chronic anaemia, chronic hypoxia, inosine, hypoxanthine
    155. hb dissociation curve is sigmoid because – binding of oxygen to one molecule of hb increases the affinity of other oxygen molecules
    156. modafinil used in – obstructive sleep apnoea
    157. best non surgical treatment of stress incontinence – pelvic floor muscle training, bladder training, electrical stimulation
    158. carpal tunnel syndrome caused by a/e – hyperthyroidism, acromegaly, diabetes, cushing
    159. a lady with temporal field defects, galactorrhoea, most common cause – pituitary macroadenoma, craniopharyngioma
    160. sleep controlled by – thalamus, hypothalamus
    161. juvenile arthritis all are present except – rheumatoid nodules, uveitis, fever
    162. bleomycin – reduces type 1 pneumocyte, reduces type 2 pneumocyte, reduces alveolar macrophage
    163. hepatomegaly is caused by all except – gaucher, niemann pick, hepatocyte porphyria
    164. cancer larynx – HPV 6 and HPV 11
    165. limb defects with scarring of skin in new born – varicella virus
    166. mitomycin C used in –
    167. cell cycle specific antineoplastic drug – vinblastine
    168. treatment of osteosarcoma are a/e – high dose methotrexate,….
    169. in subclinical folic acid deficiency the following drug will bring about vitamin B 12 deficiency
    170. the following drug can be given safe in pregnancy - propylthiouracil
    171. rapid correction of hyperglycemia using insulin alone will result in – hypokalemia
    172. icd 10 includes all except – lack of exercise, alcoholism, poisoning, unhealthy food.
    173. cheif cells are found in – neck, pit, fundus
    174. risk factor 4 GB Ca a/e – >5mm polyp, stones, increase in size of polyp
    175. motorcyclist's fructure means – ring #, comminuted #, separation of suture b/w anterior half and posterior half of skull.
    176. spastic paraplegia caused by all except – motor neuron disease, vit B 12 def
    177. all are true about eaton lambert syndrome except – positive tensilon test.
    178. pain insensitive structure – dural venous sinus.
    179. icd….
    180. cystic fibrosis all are true except – defect in calcium channel
    181. girl with abnormal sweat chloride test, next diagnostic test – transnasal potential difference
    182. Rheumatoid factor will give false negative tests with – coombs test….
    183. abrasions can be confused with – eczema, chemical, ant bite
    184. newborn with hydrocephalous – toxoplasmosis
    185. Disease which permanently alters finger print – leprosy
    186. vaginal delivery allowed in all except - monochorionic monoamniotic twins, first twin cephalic and second breech, extended breech, mento anterior
    187. dysgerminoma marker – LDH
    188. Rate of mineralisation of newly formed osteoid – von kossa stain, alizarin stain
    189. sympathectomy done in all except – anhidrosis, intermittent claudication
    190. intermittent claudication the pain is on taking - 1st step, last step, on exercise
    191. chronic limb ischaemia true is – rest pain, pain on exercise
    192. best graft for surgery below inguinal is –
    193. superior gluteal nerve supplies all except – gluteus maximus
    194. carotid artery emboli and CRVO are differentiated by – raised retinal artery pressure
    195. intrinsic factor secreted by - chief cells, parietal cells
    196. priviliged converstaion is between – doctor and court, doctor and patient
    197. myodesis is c/i in
    198. which factor is specifically a part of intrinsic clotting pathway – 9, 7, 13
    199. Seen in acute inflammation classically – vasodilatation with leakage, vasoconstriction
    200. 45 year old male had a chest pain. he died after 4 days. on postmortem intramural coagulation was found. this is – neutrophils, granulation tissue formation, granulomatous reaction, scar
    201. mammography can detect all except – adenosis
    202. Athletes pubalgia is\
    203. SIRS includes all except
    204. substance not fermented in human intestines – cellulose, pectin, fruit
    205. Hb S differs in – solubility, o2 affinity, stability
    206. all are true regarding Hb S except – glutamine replaced by valine, heterozygotes are protected against malaria,
    207. Standing to sitting change in - increased venous return to heart
    208. Actyl Co A can't directly form – Glucose
    209. Dengue Hemorrhagic fever - Second Infection with different strain of virus the second time
    210. 100 KD on SDS-PAGE, then second trial – 2x(20KD + 30KD)
    211. Wilm's Tumor - National Wilm tumor staging system
    212. Action potential starts in the initial segment of axon because – unmyelinated, less exiting potential required, more ion channels
    213. regulatory mechanisms by all except – secretory vesicles, gap junctions, act on neighbouring cells
    214. regarding lac operon, CAP is – positive regulator, negative regulator,
    215. E157:O7 culture
    216. not a cause of primary amenorrhoea - Sheehan
    217. Chlamydia infection of the eyes, true statement a/e – can be cultured, penicillin is the treatment, mostly asymptomoatic
    218. Salmonella non typhi -
    219. edema – C 1 esterase deficiency
    220. hyperaldosteronism a/e – metabolic acidosis
    221. HepB infected neonate - both Vaccine and Immunoglobin
    222. Hashimoto's thyroiditis true a/e – follicular destruction, increase in lymphocytes
    223. Diastolic pressure - Aorta elasticity
    224. IMG –
    225. Joint aspiration in acute gout shows - monosodium urate crystals
    226. GIST most common marker – CD 117, S 100
    227. all drugs can be given to a mother who is on 35th week of gestation except – chloroquine, methotrexate, sulphadiazine
    228. neonate change seen – bradycardia
    229. heat rupture – regular rupture, irregular rupture
    230. won't be present in right heart failure - increased PCWP
    231. - joule burn
    232. parotid pathway all except – auticulotemporal nerve
    233. sodium bicarbonate given to local Anaesthesia – quick and longer action, delayed and longer action
    234. which prevents colon cancer – high fibre diet, selenium, antioxidants
    235. Entero Virus won't cause – aseptic meningitis, pleurodynia, herpangina, haemorrhagic fever
    236. meningitis leads to vestibulitis through – hyrtle fissure, endolymphatic sac, cochlear aqueduct, vestibular aqueduct
    237. cardiac disease predictor – Lp a, homocysteine, chlamydial antibody
    238. Benign HTN - hyaline aterioscelerosis
    239. micro RNA –
    240. temporal arteritis a/e – can cause sudden blindness, elderly, females more than males
    241. most common muscle to be congenitally absent – pectoralis major, teres minor, gastrocnemius, soleus
    242. popliteal artery not easy to palpate because – it is not superficial, and no bony structure to palpate
    243. LHD increased in – retinoblastoma, galactosemia, glaucoma
    244. intestinal absorption test – xylulose, fat in stools
    245. lambda phage
    246. mc cause of superficial thrombophlebitis - trauma, infection, i.v. line
    247. pseudoclaudication - cauda equina syndrome
    248. stellate ganglion block causes all except – bradycardia
    249. lymphoid tissue seen in – lamina propria, adventitia
    250. visual cycle – opsin combines with retinol, NADP is reduced, NAD is reduced
    251. high tibial osteotomy for what
    252. vocal cord sulci- vocal abuse?
    253. paneth cell – has more zinc, more lysozyme
    254. pulmonary artery pruning seen in
    255. surgical staging of ovarian ca all done except – peritoneal wasing, peritoneal biopsy, mesenteric biopsy, palpation of organs
    256. spongy urethra drainage into which node – internal iliac, superficial inguinal, deep inguinal
    257. In which condition is d onset of condition to death the lowest – post partum hmge, antepartum hmge, obstructed labour, septicaemia
    258. About mesial temporal lobe epilepsy
    259. angiogenesis requires a/e – VEGF, FGF, TGF
    260. weight of average Indian man – 60 kgs
    261. synovial fluid characteristics –
    262. functions of T helper cells are all except – cytotoxic, help in antibody formation, opsonisation
    263. DMPA - 0.3% failure rate, less effective than OCP in reducing endometrial carcinoma
    264. tamoxifen side effect – thromboembolism, endometrial canrcinoma
    265. eclampsia –
    266. fatty content in breast is found in a/e – trauma, galactocele
    267. ageing – free radical
    268. thoracic outlet syndrome diagnosed by – clinical examination, ct scan, mri
    269. apoptosis which cell organelle responsible – mitochondria
    270. psammoma bodies seen in a/e – follicular cancer thyroid, papillary cancer thyroid, serous cyst adenoma ovary, meningioma
    271. the most bactericidal among the following – O2- metabolite
    272. karyotyping used for – chromosomal abnormalities
    273. central chemoreceptors are sensitive to – low O2, low CO2, high CO2, H+ concentration
    274. blood flow is increased during exercise due to – active metabo275 hcv -true is dna virus,doesn't cause coinfection with hbv,??
    276 igc angiography -occult cnv (ans)
    277 scar on skin +hypoplasia limbs-cong varicella synd(harrison)
    278 heriditary hemochromatosis true excpt-iron def
    279 post tonsilectomy bleed in a child coagulatn defct ,aptt incrased-hemophilia b
    280 clot stabilisation factor-13
    281 idc classification??
    282 similar
    283hiv complicationsall excpt-cardiac tamponade,effusion,thromboemb(ans harrison),
    284 conjunti foreign body sensation with arthritis h/o trip -reiters synd
    285 neuroblastoma true is a/e??spreads through vessels,abdominal mass??
    286 one more question with ideas289 dose reduction needed in renal failure all except-rifampicin
    290 thyroid ca indicated by all excpt-collumnar cells in follicles,microcalcification,??
    291 rooooming in includes all except-breast feeding initiation after 4 hrs of vag delivery
    292 c wave in JVP
    293 7. Moderate grade risk factor of Breast carcinoma- atypical hyperplasia
    294 one on Genomic imprinting
    295 Colon carcinoma single most imp prognostic factor
    296. congenital deformity of organ- malformation
    297 oxidation reduction occurs with all except- Hydroperoxidases, perosidases, oxidases
    298 Folic def all except- Chloroquine
    299. diagnostic test for insulinoma-72 hr fastin test
    300.vaginal delivery is contraindicated in-monochorionic monoamniotic twins,mento anterior position..
  2. naresh lal

    naresh lal Guest

    ai 2009

    wht will be the cut off percentage this time.
  3. Guest

    Guest Guest

    ALL INDIA PRE PG EXAM 2009 ALL 300 QUESTIONS

    Hey

    I have done BS in pharmacy. My ambition is to become a Pharmacy Technician. Ill be taking up Pharmacy Technician Exams in the coming month. Whereas I need help from you guys to know the questions.

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