AMC Clinical Exam Recall Melbourne 11 November 2006

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  1. OTD

    OTD Guest

    AMC Clinical Exam Recall Melbourne 11 November 2006

    1. 44 years old male teacher comes to your general practice complaining of a gastrointestinal problem.
    Task: Take a relevant history
    Ask physical findings from the examiner
    Give provisional diagnosis and management.
    History: Diarrhea on and off for the last three years
    Abdominal pain sometimes waking him up at night
    Last two weeks, blood in the stool (mixed with the stools?), semi-formed offensive smell
    Weight loss
    Uncle has history of colorectal cancer.
    Q: Do I have cancer?

    2. Middle aged female patient presented to your GP practice with mild abdominal pain last week and you ordered an abdominal ultrasound. Today the patient is back for review. The U/S reports that there is a 5cm mass at the right adrenal gland (U/S shown on the door.)
    Task: Explain the result to the patient,
    Relevant history taking, ask physical examination findings from the examiner
    Probable diagnosis
    Manage the case (order relevant investigations if needed).
    Explanation of the pt’s condition
    History: No weight loss or gain,
    No fever.
    No overgrowth of body hair.
    No body fat redistribution. Occasionally headaches.
    No blurred vision or seizure.
    No other medical history and general healthy.
    PE: only positive finding BP 160/100
    DDx: Adrenal Tumour – eg Phaeochromocytoma, Conn’s, Cushing.

    3. A father of 6 year old boy comes to see you in General Practice because the school teacher complains that his son is over-active and not listening to her advice and instructions(disruptive behaviour).
    Task: Take relevant history from the father and
    Give advice
    Dx
    Management.

    Q: Will my son grow out of this problem?
    Q: If you suspect ADHD, who are you going to refer?
    Q: What is Ritalin’s S/E? Appetite suppression
    Q: Can GP diagnosis ADHD?

    4. Anne is 4 month old baby brought in by father to the ED with shortness of breath, and cough for 2-3 days. The baby had a cold earlier.
    Task: take relevant history from the father
    Get PE findings from examiner
    Advice your Dx
    Mx the case

    History: cough, dry cough, wheeze
    No rash
    Nappy used less than half before
    Not eating well less than half of the normal feeds and drowsy
    Full term baby

    PE: general appearance: drowsy
    VS: T 38 P 60 BP 70/? SaO2 91%
    No rash, no neck stiffness,
    HEENT: red throat
    Significant accessory muscles recession Costal recession, full of wheeze
    Kernig sign (-), Brudzinski sign (-).
    Q: From role player:
    Can I bring my child home?
    Is antibiotics warranted?
    Q: Which virus is causing bronchiolitis?

    5. A 67 year-old man comes to a emergency department in a metropolitan hospital with severe chest pain. You are an intern. The patient is now sweaty and still in pain.
    Task: Take a history for approximately 4 minutes
    During your taking history, the patient became collapsed,
    Manage the patient and answer questions from the examiner

    History:
    Pain - onset about 1 hour ago,
    Location: pain is in the central chest, nil any pain at epigastria
    Radiating to jaw and left shoulder and left arm.
    Severity: 10/10
    Pain started just after patient has finished mowing the lawn.
    This is the first episode of chest pain. He doesn’t have any associated nausea/ vomiting.
    Manage: I didn’t ask any further history instead I turned to the examiner and told her that I suspect the patient is having a myocardial infarction. I am going to give patient oxygen, aspirin, GTN, morphine and apply ECG on the patient. I’ll put IV line, take blood sample, send for FBE, U&E, and cardiac enzymes(troponin and CK), lipid profile, BSL, then CXR.

    Q: from the examiner:
    What do you think the patient has? (Acute MI)
    What are you going to do? (Oxygen, GTN).
    Now that the patient is unconscious, what are you going to do? (ABC, Call for help)
    Here is an ECG, what do you think? (It’s ventricular tachycardia.)
    What are you going to do now? (Defibrillation)
    After your sufficient management, the pt regained consciousness here is another ECG. (There is ST elevation in II, III, aVF with recipical change so it’s inferior wall MI)
    What are you going to do? (According to the new guideline, since this is a major hospital, I’ll consider PTCA.)
    O.K. what if you are in a rural hospital? (I’ll consider thrombolytic therapy?)
    If that, what are you going to do? (I’ll take history from the patient for contraindication for thrombolysis such as bleeding disorder, recent surgery, stroke etc)

    6. 72 years old gentleman had a knee replacement operation two days ago and he recovered well. Today the patient became agitated and confused. The nurse informed the registrar on call and was told to give the patient Olanzepine. You are an intern and were asked to review the patient. Examination findings: The pt confused. T38.2 C and bibasal lung crackles.
    Task: Take history from the wife
    Tell your DDx to the wife and how you are going to manage the patient.

    History: Pt’s wife complained of her husband accused her had affair with other man... She is very upset.
    This is first time the pt had this problem.
    The patient had 2-3 light beers everyday. No smoking and drugs.
    They have very good relationship and happy married
    Q: Will my husband be like this permanently?

    7. 20 years old male, presented to your GP with right groin pain for 2-3 weeks, now the pain becomes more severe. Otherwise is OK.
    Task: Relevant history for 3 minutes
    Perform focused physical examination for 3 minutes
    Give DDx to examiner and
    Give your management plan to the patient.

    History: Pain being there for three weeks, worse when playing football
    No lump, no urine problem, no trauma.
    PE: positive finding is the tenderness on upper medial side of the right thigh.
    Examiner said the genital area normal. Nil PR examination needed.



    8. 16 years old female student went to a party last night. Later on, she was found lying on the ground outside. An empty bottle with the sticker showing Alprazolam was near her. She was then brought in to the hospital ED. Now she is conscious. BP 100/60 lying, 80/50 on standing.

    Task: Take relevant history from the patient.
    Perform mental state examination
    Advice the patient your diagnosis and your management plan.
    History: Pt’s parents devoiced 3 years ago,
    Do not know the father’s current condition, relationship with mother ok, the relationship with siblings and peers are fine.
    Denied depression symptom, suicide thought or attend or harm to others. Took only 3-4 medications to help sleep
    Q: Can you not tell this to my mother?
    Do I need stay in the hospital?

    9. 41 week primigravida come to your general practice concerning about her pregnancy.
    Task: Take relevant history.
    Get relevant PE findings from examiner
    Advice pt re: your Management plan and answer her questions.

    History: Normal antenatal care, 18th week U/S confirmed the date,
    Single baby,
    No headache,
    Blood group O positive
    GBS negative
    Baby kicking well.
    She is fed up with the pregnancy.
    She lives near hospital about 5 minutes’ walk.
    PE: everything is normal.
    Q: How long more should I wait for?
    Do I need a Caesarean section?

    10. A 40 years old lady, a violinist in orchestra, complaints of pain, swelling and stiffness in both hands recently. Her mother has rheumatoid arthritis. You suspect that she may have rheumatoid arthritis. You prescrib ibuprofen and run some blood tests for ESR, ANA and RF Antibodies. The results shows that she has early rheumatoid arthritis. Today she comes to you (a GP) for the result. She said that she has pain in the wrist as also.

    Task: Explain the diagnosis to the patient,
    Counsel the patient and answer her questions.

    Patient was shocked and knows that it’s a very severe situation because her mother is 62 y/o and has had RA for many years (I told the patient what rheumatoid arthritis is. It’s still in an early stage. Though it cannot be cured, it can be managed well with appropriate treatment. It varies individually, various ranges. It warrants multi-disciplinary team management. I will refer you to the rheumatologist, physiotherapist, occupational therapist, and podiatrist.

    Q: Can I continue my career (yes)?
    What medications you would give me?
    Continue with ibuprofen and
    Take rest,
    Refer you to see the rheumatologist who will put you on corticosteroids for the acute attack.
    And the rheumatologist will also consider prescribing disease-modifying anti-rheumatoid medications on you.
    Pt stated: Dr, no steroids. My mom took it and I know there are a lot of Side Effect?
    Give leaflet and suggest the Internet.
    Explain short term plan and need for close supervision(in particular SE of medications)
    Q: How long should I rest?

    11. 25 year old pregnant lady, 32 week, presented to ED with sudden onset severe abdominal pain.
    Task: Relevant history.
    Get PE and Invx from examiner and
    Give your Dx and Mx the patient.

    History: pain lasting for 2 hours duration?
    Severity 9/10 and is getting worse.
    Denies any trauma
    Not feel foetus kicking.
    No bleeding/water leakage,
    No headache
    Previous antenatal care normal
    PE: Abdomen tender, hard to feel fetus lie…
    The patient’s blood type: O Rh(+)ve )

    12. 40 year old male patient presented to your general practice complaining of shortness of breath over the last 3 months. The patient is a smoker who has been smoking 25 cigarettes daily for 35 years.
    Task: Take relevant history
    Ask PE findings from examiner and tell what Investigation you want to do.
    Advice your Dx and management plan to the patient.

    History: no fever, cough with yellowish colored sputum, no blood in the sputum, no chest pain, weight loss of 2 kg over two months.

    PE: dullness on right base of lung, no air entry, reduced vocal fremitus, no wheezes.
    Q: Is it a cancer?

    13. A middle aged man, farmer, came to your general practice today. You saw him presenting with a lump in his right temporal area last week. You excise the lump and sent it to the Pathologist. At that time, you told the patient that the lump is most likely a benign one. Today you receive the pathological result which shows that the lump is a squamous cell cancer and one of the margins is not clear.

    Task: Explain the result to the patient,
    Answer his questions and tell the management plan.

    Qs from role player: Dr, you told me it was a good one the last time, why it’s a cancer now?
    Why didn’t you cut it all out the first time?
    Is it better than melanoma?
    What should I pay attention to in the future?
    Can I have X-ray for treatment? What are the other treatments for it?
    What’s the difference between my condition and Melanoma?

    14. A young man with Greek background who recently had a cold presented to your GP complaining of tiredness. Dx: glandular fever. You perform a few blood tests: Hb 108, Hb electrophoresis Hb A2 4.3%. Iron and Ferrintin are normal. The patient is engaged with his partner who also is a Greek decedent.

    Task: Explain the result to the patient
    Advise pt re: your diagnosis and answer her questions
    Q: What do you think the patient has?
    What are the chances that their child will have thalassemia?
    What can I do if my partner is pregnant?

    15. 25 years old lady who is 10 weeks pregnant (G3P2) comes to your general practice telling you that her niece, Mandy, has got a skin lesion for which she took a picture. She’s worried and comes for advice.
    Task: Advice the diagnosis and manage the case.
    History: The lady had chickenpox at 9 yrs old.
    She isn’t sure whether her 6 yrs old son has varicella vaccination.
    9 months old son’ s immunization up-to-date
    Q: What can I do for my two kids?

    16. 22 years old female patient comes to your general practice complaining of not passing urine.
    Task: Take relevant history;
    Get PE from examiner and tell examiner what Investigation you want to do
    Advice the pt Re: your management.

    History: not passing urine for 18 hours
    Pain down below
    No discharge/bleeding
    Sexually active
    New boyfriend recently. Not used condom.

    PE: abdomen distended bladder up to the level of umbilicus
    Vaginal examination: redness, ulcers in the vaginal area

    Q: How long will the condition last for?

    Feedback from AMC

    1. Abdominal pain and diarrhoea
    2. Adrenal tumor
    3. ADHD
    4. Bronchiolitis
    5. Cardiac arrest
    6. Counseling relative about delirium
    7. Groin pain
    8. Overdose, Benzodiazepine
    9. Post dates pregnancy
    10. Rheumatoid arthritis
    11. Severe concealed placental abruption
    12. Shortness of breath
    13. Squamous cell carcinoma
    14. Thalassaemia minor (Beta)
    15. Exposure to varicella
    16. Urinary retention

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