Behavior Science Mnemonics

Discussion in 'USMLE STEP 1' started by woody pecker, Mar 6, 2005.

  1. woody pecker

    woody pecker Guest

    Behavior Science Mnemonics









    Autistic disorder: features

    AUTISTICS:
    Again and again (repetitive behavior)
    Unusual Abilities
    Talking (language) delay
    IQ subnormal
    Social development poor
    Three years onset
    Inherited component [35% concordance]
    Cognitive impairment
    Self injury











    Middle adolescence (14-17 years): characteristics

    HERO:
    Heterosexual crushes/ Homosexual Experience
    Education regarding short term benefits
    Risk taking
    Omnipotence
    · And there is interest in being a Hero (popular).



    Male erectile dysfunction (MED): biological causes



    MED:
    Medicines(propranalol, methyldopa, SSRI, etc.)
    Ethanol
    Diabetes mellitus






    Depression: major episode characteristics

    SPACE DIGS:
    Sleep disruption
    Psychomotor retardation
    Appetite change
    Concentration loss
    Energy loss
    Depressed mood
    Interest wanes
    Guilt
    Suicidal tendencies








    Gain: primary vs. secondary vs. tertiary

    Primary: Patient's Psyche improved.
    Secondary: Symptom Sympathy for patient.
    Tertiary: Therapist's gain.



    : REM: features


    REM:
    Rapid pulse/ Respiratory rate
    Erection
    Mental activity increase/ Muscle paralysis









    Impotence causes

    PLANE:
    Psychogenic: performance anxiety
    Libido: decreased with androgen deficiency, drugs
    Autonomic neuropathy: impede blood flow redirection
    Nitric oxide deficiency: impaired synthesis, decreased blood pressure
    Erectile reserve: can't maintain an erection




    Kubler-Ross dying process: stages

    "Death Always Brings Great Acceptance":
    Denial
    Anger
    Bargaining
    Grieving
    Acceptance




    Male Erectile Dysfunction (MED): drugs causing it

    "STOP erection":
    SSRI (fluoxtine)
    Thioridazone
    methyldOpa
    Propranalol




    Premature ejaculation: treatment

    2 S's:
    SSRIs [eg: fluoxitime]
    Squeezing technique [glans pressure before climax]
    · More detail with 2 more S's:
    Sensate-focus excercises [relieves anxiety]
    Stop and start method [5-6 rehearsals of stopping stimulation before climax]




    Sleep stages: features
    DElta waves during DEepest sleep (stages 3 & 4, slow-wave).
    dREaM during REM sleep.
    Narcolepsy: symptoms, epidemiology
    CHAP:
    Cataplexy
    Hallucinations
    Attacks of sleep
    Paralysis on waking
    · Usual presentation is a young male, hence



    Depression: symptoms
    BAD CRISES:
    Behavioural change (slowing down or agitation)
    Appetite change (weight loss or weight gain in the young)
    Depressed look (looking down)
    Concentration decrease (does not do serial 7s well)
    Ruminations (constant negative thoughts, hopelessness good indicator of suicidality)
    Interest (reduced interest in what is normally pleasurable)
    Sleep change (insomnia or hypersomnia, sleeping early, waking up at night, waking up feeling tired)
    Energy change (fatigue)
    Suicide

    Cluster personality disorders
    Cluster A Disorder = Atypical. Unusual and eccentric.
    Cluster B Disorder = Beast. Uncontrolled wildness.
    Cluster C Disorder = Coward [avoidant type], Compulsive [obsessive-compulsive type], or Clingy [dependent type].
  2. Guest

    Guest Guest

  3. David.

    David. Guest

    Erectile Dysfunction (inability to sustain erection) is a very common disorder which most men face in there life at some stage for one reason or the other like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, fatigue, stress, physical injuries, smoking and alcohol consumption. The exact reason can only be judged by a specialist and only then one should use the medicines prescribed.
    This is a FDA approved drug and is used to cure erectile dysfunction in male. This medicine helps in treating impotency and ED disorders in men suffering from risky medical conditions like high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. This is the reason why this medicine is being preferred over other impotency medicines. But the results and side effects may vary from person to person so it’s advisable to use this medicine in accordance with the instructions of the physician.
  4. Guest

    Guest Guest

    Thanks a lot for sharing this information.

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