Charecteristic points of Diseases

Discussion in 'MRCP Forum' started by Guest, Nov 20, 2006.

  1. Guest

    Guest Guest

    I am starting this thread I hope you ppl will be interested in this type of prep,Please share charecteristic points of diseases mostly asked in MRCP

    Conn's Syndrom
    Primary Hyperaldosteronism
    Cause:Adrenal Adenoma
    1 Hypokalemia
    2 Alkalosis leads to muscle weakness and tetany
    3 low renin
    4 HTN
    5 Increased renin:aldosterone ratio
  2. Guest

    Guest Guest

    Tip of the Day

    :idea: Aspirin should be avoided in thyroid crisis,as it can displace thyroid globulin bound Thyroid hormones. :idea:
  3. Guest

    Guest Guest

    Hyperparathyroidism

    Primary Hyperparathyroidism
    1 PTH increased
    2 Calcium Increased
    3 Phosphate Decreased

    Secondary Hyperparathyroidism

    1 PTH Increased
    2 Ca low or normal
    3 phosphate increased (renal failure increases phosphate which is a direct stimulus for PTH release)

    Band keratopathy is an irregular region of calcium phosphate deposition at the medial and lateral limbic margins of the cornea. It is a rare but classical sign of hyperparathyroidism.
  4. Guest

    Guest Guest

    Hypogonadism

    Hypogonadism

    Secondary Hypogonadism
    1 Hypogonadotrophic Hypogonadism
    Failure of hypothalamus+Pitutary
    a)Decreased FSH
    b)Decreased LH
    c)Decreased Testosetrone
    Pathology involving pituitary or hypothalamus

    eg (1)Congenital defficiency of Gonadotrophins
    Kallaman Syndrome X-Linked recessive (anosmia+tall+colour blindness+nerve deafness+hereditary bimanual synkinesis+cleft palate+amennorhea in females)
    (2) HypoPituitarism

    Primary Hypogonadism
    2 Hypergonadotrophic Hypogonadism
    Failure of Testes
    a Increased FSH
    b Increased LH
    c Decreased Testosterone

    pathology involving Testes
    Klinefelter's syndrome XXY 47
    small testes+delayed speech+tall & centrally obese pear shape abdomen+gynaecomastia+Mental retardation(Borat)
  5. Guest

    Guest Guest

    PCO

    Polycystic ovarian syndrome

    Acne
    Obesity
    Amenorrhea
    Infertility
    Insulin resistance (metformin)

    Increased LH
    Decreased FSH
    Increased FSH:LH ratio 3:1
    Increased Free Tesosterone
    Increased Androstendion
  6. Guest

    Guest Guest

    Thanks for sharing that with us.. I'll try to bring in some questions too
  7. Guest

    Guest Guest

    wilson disease

    wilson disease
    AR
    HSM, jaundice and cirrhosis
    heamolytic anemia
    Dementia,Parkinsonian disease,or choreoathetosis
    (Suspect it in young patient have liver and or CNS lesion)
    ttt penicillamine
  8. Guest

    Guest Guest

    just

    In Conns syndrom Aldesteron:renin ratio is increase not the renin:aldesteron tHE SAME IN PCOS LH :FSH not FSH:LH
  9. Guest

    Guest Guest

    @ahmed
    can u plz tell me abt any academy in cairo for mrcp1 preparation
    my email is maria_awais007@hotmail.com
    looking forward to ur help
  10. Guest

    Guest Guest

    in conn, renin is decrease and increase in aldosterone.

    differentiate between primary or secondary hyperaldosterism.
    8)
  11. herpes simplex encephalitis
    CLINICAL FEATURES
    Confusion
    Focal symptoms(eg musical hallucination)
    Focal signs(right sided weakness and aphasia
    CSF: Lymphocytosis is characteristic.LOW SUGAR
    A temporal location is typical.
    EEG: lateral periodic discharge at 2 hz pattern is seen but it is not diagnostic.definitive diagnosis with PCR
    Imediate treatment wth acyclovir is required on clinical suspicion. Do not wait for confirmatioN
  12. parnika

    parnika Guest

    what do you guys say is gilbert AD OR AR

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