COLLECTING MARCH 2005 EXAM,IN PROCESS.PAPER 1

Discussion in 'MRCOG Forum' started by Guest, Mar 8, 2005.

  1. Guest

    Guest Guest

    ANATOMY

    * THE FOLLOWING IS ATTACHECD TO THE PERENIAL BODY:
    a. PUBOVAGINALIS
    b. iSCHIOCAVERNOSUS.
    c. EXTERNAL URETHRAL SPHINCTER
    d.
    e.


    THE OBTURATOR NERVE
    A. IS BISECTED BY THE ADUCCTOR BREVIS.
    B.


    THE LEFT URETRER IN THE FEMAL ( REPEATED FROM PAST TEST)
    A. RUNS ON THE TIO OF THE TRANSVERSE PROCESS (ETC)


    THE PLEURA
    A.IN CONTACT WITH BOTH VISCERAL AND PARIETAL STRUCTURES.
    B.INVAGINATED BETWEEN LUNG LOBES.
    C. UPPER PART EXTEND BEYOND THE FIRST RIB (TRUE THE DOME OF THE PLEURA)
    D. INNERVATED BY PHRENIC NERVE.
    E.???
  2. Shipra

    Shipra Guest

    In ur last Q ventose last option was probably it is anterior to right kidney...?? or something like that..

    - Two Q I would specially like to mention for the future aspirants...they gave us figures --1 of graph of secretion profile of LH,FSH,Estrogen,Progesterone,Inhibin
    and the 2nd one they gave the diagram of kreb cycle in which some of the products were missing which we were required to fill...
  3. Shipra

    Shipra Guest

    Sorry Ventose I cant remember what was in paper1 and what was in paper-2....I think we shd make one single paper...and future aspirants can sort out afterwards which Q belongs to paper-1 and which to paper-2...what do u think?? :?:
  4. Guest

    Guest Guest

    THE GRAPHS

    HORMONE
    A . FSH FALSE
    B. LH FALSE ( THEY ARE INTERCHANGED)
    C. OESTRADIOL .TRUE
    D. PROGESTERONE FALES (I THINK)
    E. INHIBIN TRUE

    KREBS CYCLE
    A.ACETYL CO A TRUE
    B.ACETATE TRUE
    C. GLUTAMATE TRUE (I THINK)
    D. ADP FALSE (ITS ATP ACTUALLY)
    E. FUMARATE TRUE.
  5. Shipra

    Shipra Guest

    B was citrate in the above Q
  6. Shipra

    Shipra Guest

    Antral follicle is unilaminar - t/f
  7. Shipra

    Shipra Guest

    Following are adhesion proteins-
    1-Integrin
    2-Cadharin
    3-Laminin
    4-Selectin
    5-Fibronectin
  8. regents park

    regents park Guest


    True
  9. novalgin

    novalgin Guest

    i suggest we cream word file and email to each others and everyone type what he remember and resend it, what do u think?
  10. novalgin

    novalgin Guest

    fish is used for genetic diagnosis, true
    gonococci cultures in aerobic media, true
    Actinomycin israelli i aerobic, false
    Actinomycin forms sulfaar granules, true
    Actinomycin grow slowly, true
    leptospeira produce jundice, true
    leptopira trasmited by rats, true
    leptospira need skin contact, true
    Ameoeba cause liver abcess, true
    alkaliting agents , cyclophosphamaid+ chlorambucil true
    alkaliting agent, arabinose+ mercaptopurins, false
    loop diuretics: spironolactome, triametren, true
    loop diuretcs, thiaids+ frusmid + ? , false
    Perineal body attachments to, EAS, levator, bulbovaginals…true
    Perineal body attachments to uterosacral and urethral sphincter…false
    Obteorator nerve supply lateral side of knee..fale
  11. Guest

    Guest Guest

    last addiditions

    Anatomy:

    The following structures are attached to the Perineal body
    EAS
    Levator ani
    Pubovaginals…true
    uterosacral ligament.
    External urethral sphincter …false

    Anal Sphincter
    Internal anal sphincter is supplied by inferior rectal…false
    Internal anal sphincter is attached to outer longitudinal fibers of rectum…false
    Deep external blends with pubo rectalis
    Superfecial external attached to coccyx
    External supplied by S4

    Pleura
    Attached to visceral and parietal structures
    Extends into interlobular spaces
    Extends upwards byond the first rib
    Innervated by the pherenic nerve


    Ischiorectal fossa:
    Obteorator intennus muscle lies in its medial wall…false
    Pudendal nerve in its fat…false
    Separated from perianal space by perianal fascia..false
    Roofed by levator ani…true
    Femoral artery lies under the midinguinal point of inguinal ligament


    Appendix
    Shorter than 10 cm
    Macburneys point, lies 2/3 from line from umbilicus and ASIS..true
    ……….
    ………

    Spinal cord:
    Reach L3 at birth…true.
    At 24 w, each nerve arise the the same level or its origin..true
    At 24w, it ends at reachs as far as S1…false
    Dura at L3 at 24w…false

    Obteorator nerve :
    supply lateral side of knee..false
    Has branch divided by adductor breves…false

    ………
    ………

    Ovary
    Referred pain to L2
    ……..
    ……..
    …….


    Lt ureter in the female (Old q refer to past tests)




    Vagina:
    Contain music secreting glands…false
    Ant. Wall longer than posterior..false

    Femoral sheeth:
    Peirced by femoral branch of GFN..true
    Pirced by long saphenous…false
    Contains lymph node..true

    Rectus abdomius wider below umbilicus…false
    Deep inguinal ring medial to ine.hypogastric artery…false

    Uracus is medial unmilical ligament…false

    Fallobian tube is retroperitoneal
    Secretory cells increase in fallopian tubes at liteal phase…true
    Breast:
    Endodermal….false
    Lies entirely in the superficial ascia..true
    Drained by int.thoracic vein…true
    Lies anterior to the serratus anterior..true
    Contains proliferating lactiferous ducts during the menstrual cycle…true?

    Phsyiology:
    Oxg.dissociation curve to Rt by :
    rise temperature,
    low ph
    immediately after rise to high altitudes False
    Oxg.dissociation curve to Rt: means hight avidity of Hg to O2..false

    2,3 DPG:
    increase the affinity of HG to O2….false
    from HMP shunt…true
    is a phospholipids

    cAMP
    produced from ATP
    degraded by phosphodiestrase
    activates proteins kinase A
    /// //// // /// C.
    Produced in response to Glucagone.

    UDPG
    …..
    ….



    B.thalasthemia:
    target cells..true
    hypochromasia..false
    Depletion of iron stores….false
    Increase HGA2…false
    Increase HGF…true
    Baby which is homozygos usually anaemic…true?
    There is megaloplast in bone marrow…false

    Haemopoesis in fetus:
    Require folic acid…true
    Starts in the first month…false
    Mainly by liver in the 4th month of life…false
    Red cells are migrated from the yolk sac…true
    Bone marrow is not invoved until after birth.

    Testes Development
    From Paraaxial mesoderm
    Genital ridge abuts the coelom
    Developes medial to the developing kidney
    ……………
    …………

    ////


    Yolk sac:
    Is the site for red cells
    // /// // germ cells…true
    Is the source of nutrition for the fetus..false
    Forms the meckels diverticulum.
    Gives rise to the choriodecidua.


    The following increase in pregnancy:
    Fibrinogen…true
    Factor 8…true
    Albumen…false
    Sodium…false
    Red cell mass by 19% …true
    Total thyroxin… true

    In the pregnant woman at term
    Urine out put increase to 2 fold
    Body water increase by 15 litre
    Body water increase 15 leter in pregnant…false


    Acute UTI in pregnancy
    90% cure with proper antimicrobial chemotherapy
    Usually symptomatic
    Can be found in the absence of pus cell in urine
    Diadnosed by a colony count 105per ml



    Metabolic acidosis:
    With repeated vomiting…false
    With ingestion of ammonium chloride…false
    With hypokalemia..false


    Urea increase in pregnancy…false
    Prolactine increase in the first trimester…true
    Tidal volume decrease by 100 ml…false
    Progesterone increase ventilation…true
    Estrogen increase glycogen in endometrium,,true?
    Atrial contraction at the easly ventriclar systole…false

    Fetal circulation:
    Rt ventricle CO more than left…true
    O2 saturation in SVC more than IVC…false
    O2 saturation of ascending aorta more than descending..true


    Genetics:
    PIGD
    a. Can be done in a spontanous conception. False
    b. Foetal sex can be determined. ……True
    c. Single gene disorder can be detected True ( Sure By FISH probes)
    d. HLA state can be determined . True ( but not sure)
    e. It SHOULD be done to exclude Downs Disease in a couple under doing IVF by donor ovum, when the mother is 46 y and donor is 23 y ……… False ( Sure as the maternal age is of no consequence here asthe ovum is donated from a young female.
    fish is used for genetic diagnosis, true
    PCR, is used for genetic diagnosis, true

    Rna (old q refere to past test)
    Syntheised by RNA polymerase II

    During cell cycle( old mcq refer also)



    Mother with blood group A:
    Can safly transfused with blood group AB…false
    If married to man blood group A, all the children will be A. or O…true
    All her children must be group A. .false
    Have genotype AB…false

    Bacteria & immunology:
    Listeria monocytogenous
    Listera, sensitive to ampiciline…true
    Liestera, commencal from high vaginl swab….true?

    Toxins:
    Enxotoxins are proteins and destroyed by heating..true
    Endotoxins are lipopolysacarraids and not destroyed by heating…true
    Endotoxins, after cell death…true

    Lymphocytes:
    T cells are predominant is peripheral blood…true
    T cells is predominant in deciduas…..false
    T cells are differentiated in thymus..true
    Bcells, are formed in the spleen…false
    Recirculate from blood to lymph…true?

    Type I MHC:
    Not present on chorionic villous….false
    Presenting of Ag to lymphocytes associated with it…false
    Associated with tissue rejection…false
    Rassicated with Rh isoimmunization…false

    gonococci cultures in aerobic media, true

    Actinomycin israelli
    Actinomycin israelli is aerobic, false
    Actinomycin forms sulfaar granules, true
    Actinomycin grow slowly, true
    Actinomycin Can infect the mouth.

    Leptospeira
    produce jundice, true
    leptopira trasmited by rats, true
    leptospira need skin contact, true
    Causes positive Wasserman test ??

    Mycoplasma
    The smallest free living organism
    Have cell wall Sensitive to penicilline


    HIV
    Has reverse transcriptase that synthesise host Rna false
    Attach to dendritic cell!!!
    Envelope protein no 120p is needed for viral attachement
    HIV 2 is prevalent in Europe.

    Recurrent abortion:
    Atiphospholipids antibodies may be present..true
    Anti trophoblast antibodies is diagnostic…false
    Genetic abnormality is not a cause..false
    Antipaternal antibodies isdiagnostic..false
    Bloking anti bodies


    Pharmacology:
    Pill failure:
    tetracycline…false
    Pill failure: Rifmpicin…true

    PG stimulates alpha adrenergic receptors…true
    Pg stimulates the isolated myometrial muscle fibres in vitro ???
    B sympathomimitic stimulation cause hypotention..true

    alkaliting agents
    cyclophosphamaid+ chlorambucil true
    alkaliting agent, arabinose+ mercaptopurins, false
    Clomiphene
    Antiandrogen…..false
    Cause visual disturbance..true
    Cause induction of ovulation directly . false
    Prescribed in the follicular phase
    For anovulator women, may cause multiple pregnancies


    K sparing diuretics
    : spironolactome, triametren, true
    loop diuretcs, thiaids+ frusmid + ? , false

    Contraindicated in breast feeding:
    POPs
    Bromocriptine
    Propranolol??

    Contraindicated with kidney impairment
    Dopamine
    Gentamycine
    Cephahexin
    Cis platin
    ????


    Biochemestry:
    KREBS CYCLE
    A.ACETYL CO A ….TRUE
    B. citrate ……TRUE
    C. GLUTAMATE …..TRUE (I THINK)
    D. ADP FALSE….. (ITS ATP ACTUALLY)
    E. FUMARATE ……TRUE.

    Iron Absorbtion from git
    Is impaired by Casaca????

    Essential Amino Acids
    Are ONLY used for the synthesis or important body proteins.
    Canot be catabolised for energy.
    Are all Ketogenic.
    ??
    ???

    Chilomicrons :
    …..

    …..

    Regulation of Blood glucose level
    Insulin mediated uptake of glucose into adipose tissues.
    Glucagon Adrenaline
    ??


    Biophysics:
    Radiation effect more in hypoxic tissue..false
    Bone, peripheral nerve and muscle are senstive to radiation..false
    Intestine and bone marrow are sestive to radiation..true

    MRI
    is ionizing…false
    no side effects on infants…true
    must tilte the pregnanct mother to her left side…true
    Tissue with hight hydrogen concentration can be difficultly distinguished…true
    Blood vessels appears white..false
    U/S:
    Pulstile….true
    Increase body temp 1 degree after 15 min scanning..false
    Hight frequency penetrates deeper, false
    Can distinguish between 2 points closer than 0.5 mm
    Best ecuoes are produded by beam at right angle to the structures.



    Pathology:


    Spleen function:
    Produce erythropotein…false
    Destruction of RBCs..true
    Formation of RBcs…false

    Wound healing
    Impaired by Vit D defeiciency
    Impaired in Ehler Danlos Disease
    In Secondary intension, no skin appendages are regenerated


    Precancerous lesions:
    Diverticulosis..false
    Ulcerative colitis….true
    Naphthaline and bronchial……false
    Vinyl and liver angiosarcoma….true
    Androgen and vulval carcinoma…false
    Asbestosis and peritoneum mesothelioma…..true?????
    Pagets and bone sarcoma…..true
    Warts and vulval carcinoma…True ????
    Ameoeba cause liver abcess, true





    Cervix !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    Microglandular hyperplasia is premalignant.
    Microglandular hyperplasia is caused by COC
    Microglandular hyperplaisia can co exist with CIN
    Cervical polyp is premalignant.
    All types of dysplasia may be present in microscopi examination..true

    The following are characters of hypoxic cell death:
    Apoptosis…true
    Phagocytosis…false
    Pyknosis…false
    Poikilocytosis…false
    Release of phospholipids…true

    Cell adhesion molecules
    Caladherin
    Fibrinonectin
    ………
    ……..





    Endocrinology:
    GH promotes the growth spurt at puberty..true?????
    GH, lipolytic, anabolic on proteins….true
  12. Guest

    Guest Guest

    Please contribute

    Dear All ,
    Please contribute and add whatever u remember
    Thanx in advance
    Ventose 8)
  13. Shipra

    Shipra Guest

    Dear All,
    Ventose has recollected almost whole of the paper...few others which I remember are -

    Following are found in recurrent abortions/deaths
    1-Antitrophoblast antibody
    2-Blocking antibodies
    3-Most are of normal karyotype
    4-Antiphospholipid antibody
  14. By Novalgin

    By Novalgin Guest

    Anatomy:

    Perineal body
    attachments to, EAS, levator, bulbovaginals…true
    Perineal body attachments to uterosacral and urethral sphincter…false
    Ischiorectal fossa:
    Obteorator in medial wall…false
    Pudendal nerve in its fate…false
    Separated from perianal space by perianal fascia..false
    Roofed by levator ani…true
    Femoral artery lies under the midinguinal point of inguinal ligament
    Macburneys point, lies 2/3 from line from umbilicus and ASIS..true

    Spinal cord:
    Reach L3 at birth…true.
    At 24 w, each nerve arise the the same level or its origin..true
    At 24w, it ends at reachs as far as S1…false
    Dura at L3 at 24w…false
    Obteorator nerve :
    supply lateral side of knee..fale
    Has branch divided by adductor breves…false
    Vagina:
    Contain music secreting glands…false
    Ant. Wall longer than posterior..false
    Femoral sheeth:
    Peirced by femoral branch of GFN..true
    Pirced by long saphenous…false
    Contains lymph node..true

    Rectus abdomius wider below umbilicus…false
    Deep inguinal ring medial to ine.hypogastric artery…false

    Uracus is medial unmilical ligament…false
    Secretory cells increase in fallopian tubes at liteal phase…true
    Internal anal sphincter is attached to outer longitudinal fibers of rectum…false
    Internal anal sphincter is supplied by inferior rectal…false

    Breast:
    Endodermal….false
    Lies entirely in the superficial ascia..true
    Drained by int.thoracic vein…true
    Lies anterior to the serratus anterior (or pectoral)..true
    Contans proliferating lactiferous ducts during the menstrual cycle…true?

    Phsyiology:
    Oxg.dissociation curve to Rt by :
    rise temperature, low ph, hight altitude,….true
    Oxg.dissociation curve to Rt: means hight avidity of Hg to O2..false
    2,3 DPG:
    increase the affinity of HG to O2….false
    from HMP shunt…true
    B.thalasthemia:
    target cells..true
    hypochromasia..false
    Depletion of iron stores….false
    Increase HGA2…false
    Increase HGF…true
    Baby which is homozygos usually anaemic…true?
    There is megaloplast in bone marrow…false
    Haemopoesis in fetus:
    Require folic acid…true
    Startes in the first month…false
    Mainly by liver in the 4th month of life…false
    Red cells are migrated from the yolk sac…true
    Yolksac:
    Is the site for red cells and germ cells…true
    Is the source of nutrition for the fetus..false


    The following increase in pregnancy:
    Fibrinogen…true
    Factor 8…true
    Albumen…false
    Sodium…false
    Red cell mass by 19% …true
    Total thyroxin… true

    Metabolic acidosis:
    With repeated vomiting…false
    With ingestion of ammonium chloride…false
    With hypokalemia..false


    Body water increase 15 leter in pregnant…false
    Urea increase in pregnancy…false
    Prolactine increase in the first trimester…true
    Tidal volume decrease by 100 ml…false
    Progesterone increase ventilation…true
    Estrogen increase glycogen in endometrium,,true?
    Atrial contraction at the easly ventriclar systole…false

    Fetal circulation:
    Rt ventricle CO more than left…true
    O2 saturation in SVC more than IVC…false
    O2 saturation of ascending aorta more than descending..true


    Genetics:
    PIGD
    a. Can be done in a spontanous conception. False
    b. Foetal sex can be determined. ……True
    c. Single gene disorder can be detected True ( Sure By FISH probes)
    d. HLA state can be determined . True ( but not sure)
    e. It SHOULD be done to exclude Downs Disease in a couple under doing IVF by donor ovum, when the mother is 46 y and donor is 23 y ……… False ( Sure as the maternal age is of no consequence here asthe ovum is donated from a young female.
    fish is used for genetic diagnosis, true
    PCR, is used for genetic diagnosis, true

    Mother with blood group A:
    Can safly transfused with blood group AB…false
    If married to man blood group A, all the children will be A. or O…true
    All her children must be group A. .false
    Have genotype AB…false

    Bacteria & immunology:
    Listera, sensitive to ampiciline…true
    Liestera, commencal from high vaginl swab….true?
    Toxins:
    Enxotoxins are proteins and destroyed by heating..true
    Endotoxins are lipopolysacarraids and not destroyed by heating…true
    Endotoxins, after cell death…true

    Lymphocytes:
    T cells are predominant is peripheral blood…true
    T cells is predominant in deciduas…..false
    T cells are differentiated in thymus..true
    Bcells, are formed in the spleen…false
    Recirculate from blood to lymph…true?

    Type I MHC:
    Not present on chorionic villous….false
    Presenting of Ag to lymphocytes associated with it…false
    Associated with tissue rejection…false
    Rassicated with Rh isoimmunization…false

    gonococci cultures in aerobic media, true
    Actinomycin israelli is aerobic, false
    Actinomycin forms sulfaar granules, true
    Actinomycin grow slowly, true
    leptospeira produce jundice, true
    leptopira trasmited by rats, true
    leptospira need skin contact, true
    Ameoeba cause liver abcess, true
    Recurrent abortion:
    Atiphospholipids antibodies may be present..true
    Anti trophoblast antibodies is diagnostic…false
    Genetic abnormality is not a cause..false
    Antipaternal antibodies isdiagnostic..false

    Pharmacology:
    Pill failure:
    tetracycline…false
    Pill failure: Rifmpicin…true

    PG stimulates alpha adrenergic receptors…true
    B sympathomimitic stimulation cause hypotention..true

    alkaliting agents
    cyclophosphamaid+ chlorambucil true
    alkaliting agent, arabinose+ mercaptopurins, false
    Cyprotenon acetate:
    Antiandrogen…..false
    Cause visual disturbance..true
    Cause induction of ovulation indirectly….true
    Prescribed in the follicular phase
    For anovulator women, may cause multiple pregnancies


    loop diuretics
    : spironolactome, triametren, true
    loop diuretcs, thiaids+ frusmid + ? , false

    Biochemestry:
    KREBS CYCLE
    A.ACETYL CO A ….TRUE
    B. citrate ……TRUE
    C. GLUTAMATE …..TRUE (I THINK)
    D. ADP FALSE….. (ITS ATP ACTUALLY)
    E. FUMARATE ……TRUE.

    Biophysics:
    Radiation effect more in hypoxic tissue..false
    Bone, peripheral nerve and muscle are senstive to radiation..false
    Intestine and bone marrow are sestive to radiation..true
    MRI
    is ionizing…false
    no side effects on infants…true
    must tilte the pregnanct mother to her left side…true
    Tissue with hight hydrogen concentration can be difficultly distinguished…true
    Blood vessels appears white..false
    U/S:
    Pulstile….true
    Increase body temp 1 degree after 15 min scanning..false
    Hight frequency penetrates deeper, false


    Pathology:

    Spleen function:
    Produce erythropotein…false
    Destruction of RBCs..true
    Formation of RBcs…false

    Precancerous lesions:
    Diverticulosis..false
    Ulcerative colitis….true
    Naphthaline and bronchial……false
    Vinyl and liver angiosarcoma….true
    Androgen and vulval carcinoma…false
    Asbestosis and peritoneum mesothelioma…..true
    Pagets and bone sarcoma…..true
    Warts and vulval carcinoma…false
    All types of dysplasia may be present in microscopi examination..true

    The following are characters of hypoxic cell death:
    Apoptosis…true
    Phagocytosis…false
    Pyknosis…false
    Poikilocytosis…false
    Release of phospholipids…true




    Endocrinology:
    GH promotes the growth spurt at puberty..true
    GH, lipolytic, anabolic on proteins….true


    These Q were recollected by Novalgin....I've posted it here so that all the recollections come under a single thread and it becomes easy to search for all the future aspirants.
  15. Shipra

    Shipra Guest

    Aneurysms-

    1-Syphillis is the most common cause of thoracic aneurysm.
    2-10% aneurysms are inflammatory
    3-Microaneurysms are a complication of diabetes in retina
    4-Berry aneurysms in brain are present at the site of branchings( bifurcations)
  16. Shipra

    Shipra Guest

    Following are sex linked d/s
    1- Hurler's syndrome
    2- G6PD def
    3- Hairy ear rim
    4-Color vision defect
  17. Shipra

    Shipra Guest

    -Testes can produce progesterone.
    -
    -
  18. Guest

    Guest Guest

    new

    i recall there was a question about bromocriptine and one about metaclopromide mostly there action and also a question about the amplification of genetic material :pCR not the blots
    a question about FISH
  19. Shipra

    Shipra Guest

    Yes about amplification- following was the question-
    Following are amplification techniques:-
    1-Northern blot
    2-Western testing
    3-Southern testing
    4- PCR
    5-FISH
  20. By Noreen

    By Noreen Guest

    Adverse reactions of blood transfusion

    Hypothermia true
    Hypokalemia false
    Hypocalcemia true


    Aneurysms

    Berry aneurysms ?
    10% aortic aneurysms are inflammatory


    HIV

    HIV 2 more common in europe false
    protein 120 cgp?
  21. Guest

    Guest Guest

  22. Guest

    Guest Guest

    hi all
    i think we should discuss march 05 paper all should participate
  23. Guest

    Guest Guest

    yhea thats a good idea
  24. Guest

    Guest Guest

    Posted: Wed Mar 09, 2005 1:18 am Post subject: last addiditions

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Anatomy:

    The following structures are attached to the Perineal body
    EAS T
    Levator ani T
    Pubovaginals…true
    uterosacral ligament. F
    External urethral sphincter …false

    Anal Sphincter
    Internal anal sphincter is supplied by inferior rectal…false
    Internal anal sphincter is attached to outer longitudinal fibers of rectum…false
    Deep external blends with pubo rectalis T
    Superfecial external attached to coccyx T
    External supplied by S4 ?
  25. Guest

    Guest Guest

    time is running short plz com n reply
  26. Guest

    Guest Guest

  27. guestu

    guestu Guest

    loop diuretics: spironolactome, triametren, F DCT
    loop diuretcs, thiaids+ frusmid + ? , FUROSEMIDE T
    THIAZIDE F PCT
  28. shin-mrcog

    shin-mrcog Guest

    Breast:
    Endodermal….false -- ectoderm
    Lies entirely in the superficial ascia..true
    2nd - 7th ribs --True
    Drained by int.thoracic vein…true + lateral thoracic + intercostal a.
    Lies anterior to the serratus anterior..true
    Contains proliferating lactiferous ducts during the menstrual cycle…true?
    Contains lactiferous ducts in neonates-- T
  29. Guest

    Guest Guest

    Obteorator nerve :
    supply lateral side of knee..false
    Has branch divided by adductor breves…T
    confirmed with onexamination ans


    Haemopoesis in fetus: P.71 of past paper
    Require folic acid…true
    T Startes in the first month…false
    T Mainly by liver in the 4th month of life…false
    F?Red cells are migrated from the yolk sac…true
    T results in nucleated erythrocytes early in development
    F does not occur in the bone marrow until term



    Lymphocytes:
    T cells are predominant is peripheral blood…true
    T cells is predominant in deciduas…..false
    T cells are differentiated in thymus..true
    Bcells, are formed in the spleen…false
    Recirculate from blood to lymph…true? My ans: F --- from lymph to blood


    Pharmacology:
    Pill failure:
    tetracycline…false My ans: T
    Pill failure: Rifmpicin…true



    Actinomycin israelli i aerobic, false
    confirmed , ref: http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/MedEd/mech/cases/case6/case6qa.htm

    Following are characteristics of hypoxic cell death

    a apoptosis T
    b Phagocytosis F
    c Pyknosis F
    d Poiklocytosis F
    in sickle cell anamia hypoxia causes crises during which the peripheral blood smear shows poilkilo cytosis??(due to red cell damage)

    e Release of Phospholipids T

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