Imp questions!!!

Discussion in 'NEET 2013 All india Exam' started by Shahni., Oct 17, 2008.

  1. Shahni.

    Shahni. Guest

    Q) All of the following r poor prognostic factors for acute myeloid leukemias, except:
    a. age > 60
    b. leucocytes > 1,00,000 /ul
    c. secondary leukemias
    d. presence of t(8:21)


    A) d.
  2. Shahni.

    Shahni. Guest

    Q) Genital Ulcer is seen in A/E:
    a. Granuloma inguinale
    b. Syphylis
    c. LGV
    d. Donovanosis


    A) c. LGV. (Seen in all but in LGV it goes unnoticed

    Also note: No lymphadenopathy in Granuloma Inguinale or Donovanosis.
  3. Shahni.

    Shahni. Guest

    Another prognosis related Q from leukemia:

    Q> Poor prognostic indicator of ALL is:
    a. Female sex
    b. Leucocyte count < 50,000
    c. Age > 1 yr.
    d. Hypodiploidity

    A> d. ( Mnemonic: Older BAD(prognosis) Black Men)
  4. Shahni.

    Shahni. Guest

    Which one of the following is the most significant risk factor for Gastric Ca:
    a.Paneth cell metaplasia
    b.Pyloric "
    c.Intestinal "
    d.Ciliated "

    Ans. c.
  5. Shahni.

    Shahni. Guest

    Yet another prognosis based Imp Q.:

    Q> To which of the following events is 'good' outcome in Neuroblastoma assosiated:
    a. diploidy
    b. N-myc amplification
    c. chromosome 1p depletion
    d. Trk A expression.

    Ans. d.
  6. Shahni.

    Shahni. Guest

    Q> Which of the following has a normal level of alpha fetoprotien value in the serum:
    a. Ovarian dysgerminoma
    b. hepatoblastoma
    c. Embryonal Carcinoma
    d. Yolk sac tumor.

    Ans: a
  7. Shahni.

    Shahni. Guest

    Mother patch is seen in:
    a. lichen planus
    b. p. rosea
    c. p. alba
    d. pemphigus

    A> b.
  8. doel.

    doel. Guest

    meningocoemia without meningitis means
    a) good prognosis

    b)poor prognosis

    c)arthritis present

    d)none
  9. gess.

    gess. Guest

    A pt. named mohan, 6o yr. needs a drug that will dialate his eyes but not paralyse his ciliary muscles: choose":
    a. Atropine
    b. Phenylephrine
    c. Cyclopentolate
    d. Tropicamide

    Ans. B. Phenylephrine
  10. menon.

    menon. Guest

    Where is "hockey stick palmar crease" seen?

    a.Fetal hydantoin syndrome
    b.Downs syndrome
    c.Gauchers disease
    d.Featl alcohol syndrome
  11. menon.

    menon. Guest

    Ans is d. Fetal alcohol syndrome..
    other signs with this also include

    .Rail road track ears
    .Short palpebral fissure
    .Thin upper lip
    .Long smooth philtrum
    .upturned nose with flat nasal bridge
    .clinodactly
    .camptodactyly
    .hirsuitism
    .cardiac defects
  12. quit.

    quit. Guest

    Person is protected from Hepatitis B infection if after immunisation the the level of anti HBs is more than:

    a.0.5 IU/ml
    b.2 IU/ml
    c.5 IU/ml
    d.10 IU/ml
  13. ela.

    ela. Guest

    ANS IS D 10 IU/ML
  14. jiteshdhawan

    jiteshdhawan Guest

    CA 15-3 is marker for which cancer?

    CA 15-3 is marker for which cancer?
    1)Stomach
    2)Ovary
    3)Breast
    4)colon
    Ans: Breast
    Ref-Robbins 7th ,table 7.13 ,339



    Diseases transmitted by RAT FLEA rememberd as;
    Rat flea sits on 'BEnCH'
    Bubonic plague
    Endemic typhus
    Chiggerosis
    Hymenolopsis diminuta

    Patch test-phytodermatitis,
    Barberio's test-detect semen,
    kastle meyer test-detect blood,
    paraffin test-detect gun powder.

    MCC of visual impairment in diabetic pt is maculopathy. In ISCHEMIC MACULOPATHY laser is CONTRAIND.PRP is done away from macula,for macula-grid photocoagulation

    Miyagawa's granulocorpuscles r elementary bodies of lymphogranuloma veneru(C.Trachomatis)


    Proposed Changes in the National Immunization Schedule: 2009-10
    DT Booster to be replaced by DPT Booster at 5-6 years of age.
    In select well-performing states, MR to be given with DPT Booster at 16-24
    months (Dose: 0.5 ml; Route: Sub-cutaneous; Site: Right Upper Arm)
    DPT and HepB vaccines at 6, 10 and 14 weeks to be replaced by DPT-HepBHib
    (Pentavalent) vaccine.


    Hepatitis B, DPT, DT, and TT vaccines lose their potency if
    frozen. Freezing dissociates the antigen from the adjuvant
    alum thus interfering with the immunogenicity of the
    vaccine. Moreover, the risk of adverse events following
    immunization, such as sterile abscesses, may increase.
    Therefore, always store 'T-series' vaccines (DPT, DT, TT)
    and Hep.B vaccine between +2° and +8°C.


    Niacin deficiency seen in
    Maize eater
    Carcinoid syndrome
    Heartnup
    Disease
    What s "polypill" .?
    Its a regimen of
    . Aspirin
    . A statin
    & Antihypertensive agent..
    Harrison17th/1379

    Chromosome Related diseases

    1 Rh ‘+’ ,Podocin (NPHS-2), AR- focal segmental GN
    2 Criggler-Najar Syndrome, Xeroderma Pigmentosum
    3 Von Hippel Lindau (3p), Large Q-Tc interval
    4 Huntchiton’s Chorea, AD-Polycystic kidney disease
    5 Turcot’(5q), APC
    6 AR-Polycytic kidney disease, MHC
    7 Cystic fibrosis, Papillary RCC
    8 Blue colour blindness, Wilm’s tumour
    9 Tuberous sclerosis (pq), ABO blood group, Bladder Carcinoma
    10 MEN II, RET gene
    11 Werner Syndrome (MEN 1) (11q13), Wilms Tumour, Best disease, Ataxia telengectasia, beta chain of Haemoglobin, Beckwith-Weidmann’s Syndrome
    12 Noonan Syndrome, Pheylketonuria, Testicular Ca.
    13 Retinoblastoma (13q),Wilson Syndrome, Patau Syn., BRCA-II
    14 alpha- antitrypsin deficiency
    15 Fanconi Syndrome, Prader Willi, Angelnan Willi Syn., Marfan’s Syndrome
    16 Tubrous sclerosis (16p,pq), ά-chain of Haemoglobin
    17 Neurofibromatosis 1 (VR) 17q, Li-Fraumeni P53 (17p), BRCA-1
    18 Edwawd Syn.
    19 Mytonic dystrophy, Tyrosine Kinase, nephrin (NPHS-1), Congenital Neprotic Syndrome
    20 Prion disease
    21 Down’s Syndrome, Alzehmer’s disease, Amylotrpic lateral Sclerosis
    22 Neurofibromatosis 2 (22q), De-George’s Syndrome


    ESR of clinical significance-
    1.Sickle cell disease-mod.Elev. In crisis and low in absense of crisis
    2.Osteomyelitis-Elv. ESR helpful in following Rx
    3.Stroke-ESR >28 poorer prognosis
    4.Prostate ca.->37 higher incidence of disease progression and death
    5.CAD->22 have high risk of CAD


    LEOPARD syndrome-

    Lentigens

    ECG abnormalities-primary conduction defects

    Ocular hypertelorism

    Pulmonary stenosis and subaortic stenosis

    Abnormal genitalia-cryptorchidism hypospadiasis

    Retardation of growth

    Deafness-sensorineural
  15. jiteshdhawan

    jiteshdhawan Guest

    most frequent glomerular disease--Ig A nephropathy

    urethrorrhagia--bleeding through urethra in absence of urine in prepubertal boys

    treatment of choice for nocturnal enuresis--conditioning therapy

    mefloquine causes neuropsychiatric s/s in children

    "sign on x ray,notching of inferior surface of ribs---COA

    INDOMETHACIN DOES NOT CLOSE PDA in term infants

    capnography confirms correct ET tube placement

    most common cause of bronchiolitis obliterans--adeno virus---moth eaten appearance on V-Qscan

    most frequent glomerular disease--Ig A nephropathy

    urethrorrhagia--bleeding through urethra in absence of urine in prepubertal boys

    treatment of choice for nocturnal enuresis--conditioning therapy

    mefloquine causes neuropsychiatric s/s in children

    neuroenteric cysts due to defective separation of notochord from foregut

    most common tumors in children--leukemia

    most common brain tumors--cerebellar astrocytoma/gliomas

    most common site of brain tumors in children--infratentorial

    most common supratentorial tumor in childen--craniopharyngioma


    most common cause if vasculitis in children---HSP

    strawberry tongue--scarlet fever,kawasaki disease

    thrombocytosis--kawasaki disease

    cor art aneurysms in kawasaki dis--detected by 2D ECHO

    fanconi's anemia rogresses to AML

    sprengel's deformity--congenital abscence of scapula

    diastometamyelia--division of spinal cord into two halves

    gaucher's disease---def in acid beta glucosidase--deposition of glucocerebrosides

    hurler's synd--L-iduronidase def...gargoylism seen

    schie's synd--L-iduronidase def

    hunter's syndrome--iduronate-2-sulphatase def--X linked recessive
  16. jiteshdhawan

    jiteshdhawan Guest

    metachromatic leukodystrophy--aryl sulphatase a def

    krabbe's disease--beta galactosidase def

    canavan's disease--N-acetyl aspartylase def


    sandstorm appearance in chest x ray---pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis

    open lung biopsy definite diagnosis of bronchiolitis obliterans

    1.acute glmrlonphritis
    2.post strepto GN
    3.acute rheumatic fever
    4.henoch scholein purpura
    5.kawasaki disease
    6.PANDAS{pediatric autoimm disorder associated wid strepto inf}

    india most common manifestation of rheumatic fever is ARTHRITIS
    least common is ERYTHEMA MARGINATUM

    NEPHROTIC SYNDROMEis 90%idiopathic in children
    and in adults it is 80%secondary

    pulmonary alveolar proteinosis--def of protein B...definitive inv is lung biopsy...definitive trt is lung transplantation

    most common type of neonatal seizures---subtle seizures

    first and foremost thing to do in cong diaphragmatic hernia is mechanical ventilation ---->nasogastric aspiration--->repair

    down's syndrome:

    dec AFP
    dec unconj estradiol
    inc beta hcg

    dec PAPPA
    inc inhibin A
    abnor inc ductus venous flow
  17. Guest

    Guest Guest

    hemat

    which is a poor pronostic marker in all?
    age < 5 yrs
    thromboctopenia
    t{4:11}
    wbc<50,000
  18. Guest

    Guest Guest

    cvs

    all are causes of narrowsplit in s2 except
    aortic stenosis
    mr
    pul ht
    pu atresia

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