Matching Headings in IELTS - Reading Section

Discussion in 'IELTS Forum' started by saru74, May 31, 2011.

  1. saru74

    saru74 Guest

    Headings in IELTS are considered the most difficult sort of questions in the Reading Part. As you remember I got 8.5 out of 9 in the Reading Section and obviously I had to face these bloody Heading questions in my test too. However, they are not very "bloody" if you know how to deal with them and this is just the aim of this new post.

    Let me explain the Heading Technique with an "interesting" exercise. I choose a topic related with "Dictionaries", which is not very popular, but this is another thing that you have to expect in your IELTS test: some topics are really boring, but you have to be prepared for that.


    Reading Passage 1


    SPOKEN CORPUS COMES TO LIFE


    A. The compiling of dictionaries has been historically the provenance of studious professorial types - usually bespectacled - who love to pore over weighty tomes and make pronouncements on the finer nuances of meaning. They were probably good at crosswords and definitely knew a lot of words, but the image was always rather dry and dusty. The latest technology, and simple technology at that, is revolutionising the content of dictionaries and the way they are put together.

    B. For the first time, dictionary publishers are incorporating real, spoken English into their data. It gives lexicographers (people who write dictionaries) access to a more vibrant, up-to-date vernacular language which has never really been studied before. In one project, 150 volunteers each agreed to discreetly tie a Walkman recorder to their waist and leave it running for anything up to two weeks. Every conversation they had was recorded. When the data was collected, the length of tapes was 35 times the depth of the Atlantic Ocean. Teams of audio typists transcribed the tapes to produce a computerised database of ten million words.

    C. This has been the basis - along with an existing written corpus –for the Language Activator dictionary, described by lexicographer Professor Randolph Quirk as “the book the world has been waiting forâ€. It shows advanced foreign learners of English how the language is really used. In the dictionary, key words such as “eat†are followed by related phrases such as “wolf down†or “be a picky eaterâ€, allowing the student to choose the appropriate phrase.

    D. “This kind of research would be impossible without computers,†said Delia Summers, a director of dictionaries. “It has transformed the way lexicographers work. If you look at the word “likeâ€, you may intuitively think that the first and most frequent meaning is the verb, as in “I like swimmingâ€. It is not. It is the preposition, as in: “she walked like a duckâ€. Just because a word or phrase is used doesn’t mean it ends up in a dictionary. The sifting out process is as vital as ever. But the database does allow lexicographers to search for a word and find out how frequently it is used – something that could only be guessed at intuitively before.

    E. Researchers have found that written English works in a very different way to spoken English. The phrase “say what you like†literally means “feel free to say anything you wantâ€, but in reality it is used, evidence shows, by someone to prevent the other person voicing disagreement. The phrase “it’s a question of crops up on the database over and over again. It has nothing to do with enquiry, but it’s one of the most frequent English phrases which has never been in a language learner’s dictionary before: it is now.

    F. The Spoken Corpus computer shows how inventive and humorous people are when they are using language by twisting familiar phrases for effect. It also reveals the power of the pauses and noises we use to play for time, convey emotion, doubt and irony.

    G. For the moment, those benefiting most from the Spoken Corpus are foreign learners. “Computers allow lexicographers to search quickly through more examples of real English,†said Professor Geoffrey Leech of Lancaster University. “They allow dictionaries to be more accurate and give a feel for how language is being used.†The Spoken Corpus is part of the larger British National Corpus, an initiative carried out by several groups involved in the production of language learning materials: publishers, universities and the British Library.Questions 1-7

    Reading Passage 1 has seven (A-G). Choose the most suitable heading for each paragraph from the list of headings below. Write the appropriate numbers (i-xi) in boxes 1-7 on your answer sheet.
    Note: There are more headings than paragraphs so you will not use all of them. You may use any heading more than once.


    List of Headings
    i. Grammar is corrected
    ii. New method of research
    iii. Technology learns from dictionaries
    iv. Non-verbal content
    v. The first study of spoken language
    vi. Traditional lexicographical methods
    vii. Written English tells the truth
    viii. New phrases enter dictionary
    ix. A cooperative research project
    x. Accurate word frequency counts
    xi. Alternative expressions provided

    OK guys, I will show how to perform 100% in this kind of questions. Just remember the name of this game: What is the best title for each paragraph?

    Go to my blog "How I beat the IELTS" and learn in details my powerful technique.

    saru74 (coming back again!)

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