Medical abbreviations

Discussion in 'USMLE STEP 2 CS' started by Ted, Oct 5, 2005.

  1. Ted

    Ted Guest

    I have compiled a list of commonly used medical abbreviations.


    AC = before meals
    ACLAN = anterior cervical lymphadenopathy
    AFOS = anterior fontanelle open and soft
    All = allergy
    ALT = alanine aminotransferase (SGPT)
    ANA = anti-nuclear antibody
    AP = antero-posterior
    Appy = appendicitis or appendectomy
    ASA = aspirin
    AST = aspartane aminotransferase (SGOT)
    BID = twice daily
    BP = blood pressure
    BRBPR = bright red blood per rectum
    BS = bowel sounds
    BSO = bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
    BUN = blood urea nitrogen
    CAD = coronary artery disease
    CBC = complete blood count
    CEA = carotid endarterectomy
    c/o = complains of
    CHF = congestive heart failure
    cig = cigarette
    CKD = chronic kidney disease
    CP = chest pain
    Cr = creatinine
    CRF = chronic renal failure
    CRI = chronic renal insufficiency
    C/S = caesarean section
    CT = computerized tomography
    CTA = clear to auscultation
    CTAB = clear to auscultation bilaterally
    CXR = chest x-ray
    d/c = discharge
    DDD = degenerative disk disease
    DJD = degenerative joint disease
    DM = diabetes mellitus
    DNR = do not resuscitate
    DNVI = distal neuro-vascular intact
    DOE = dyspnea on exertion
    DTR = deep tendon reflex
    EGD = esophagogastroduodenoscopy (upper endoscopy)
    EOMI = extra-ocular movements intact
    ESR = erythrocyte sedimentation rate
    EtOH = alcohol
    Ext = extremity
    FamHx = family history
    F = female
    FBS = fasting blood sugar
    F/C = fevers, chills
    FLP = fasting lipid panel
    FTT = failure to thrive
    f/u = follow-up
    GERD = gastro-esophageal reflux disease
    GI = gastrointestinal
    GU = genitourinary
    HA = headache
    HbA1C = hemoglobin A1C
    Hct = hematocrit
    HCTZ = hydrochlorothiazide
    HEENT = head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat
    HJR = hepatojugular reflux
    Hgb = hemoglobin
    H/H = hemoglobin and hematocrit
    h/o = history of
    HS = bedtime
    HTN = hypertension
    Hx = history
    IBS = irritable bowel syndrome
    I/O = ins and outs
    ISS = insulin sliding scale
    IV = intravenous
    IVF = intravenous fluid
    JVD = jugular venous distention
    K = potassium
    L = left
    Lat = lateral
    LE = lower extremity
    M = male
    Mammo = mammogram
    mg = milligram
    m/g/r = murmurs, gallops, rubs
    MRI = magnetic resonance imaging
    MS = multiple sclerosis
    MVI = multivitamin
    Na = sodium
    NABS = normo-active bowel sounds
    NAD = no acute distress
    NCAT = normo-cephalic, atraumatic
    Neuro = neurologic
    ND = non-distended
    NGT = nasogastric tube
    NKDA = no known drug allergies
    NPO = nothing by mouth
    NSAID = non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
    NSVD = normal spontaneous vaginal delivery
    NT = non-tender
    N/V/D = nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
    OA = osteoarthritis
    Occ = occasional
    OD = right eye
    OP = oropharynx
    OS = left eye
    OU = both eyes
    OT = occupational therapy
    PA = postero-anterior
    PE = physical exam or pulmonary embolism
    PERRLA = pupils equally round and reactive to light and accommodation
    Plts = platelets
    Pna = pneumonia
    PND = paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
    PO = orally
    PPD = purified protein derivative (tuberculosis test)
    PR = rectally
    PRN = as needed
    Pt = patient
    PT = physical therapy
    PTX = pneumothorax
    PVD = peripheral vascular disease
    QAC = before every meal
    QD = daily
    QHS = every night
    QID = four times daily
    QOD = every other day
    R = right
    RBS = random blood sugar
    RF = rheumatoid factor
    ROS = review of systems
    RRR = regular rate and rhythm
    SEM = systolic ejection murmur
    SLE = systemic lupus erythematosus
    SOB = shortness of breath
    SocHx = social history
    SP = standardized patient
    SWOP = symptoms worsen or persist
    T&A = tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
    TAH = total abdominal hysterectomy
    TB = tuberculosis
    TID = three times daily
    TM = tympanic membrane
    Tob = tobacco
    UA = urinalysis
    UE = upper extremity
    URI = upper respiratory infection
    U/S = ultrasound
    UTI = urinary tract infection
    UTZ = ultrasound
    VS = vital signs
    W = white
    WBC = white blood cell count
    WD = well-developed
    WN = well-nourished
    yo = year-old
  2. Hannah Rabin

    Hannah Rabin Guest

    abbreviations

    Thanks for these abbreviation. It is my first year as a nursing student and they will come in handy. :D
  3. cna

    cna Guest

    abbreviation

    thank you- i am a first year cna teacher
  4. Guest75

    Guest75 Guest

    Thanks a bunch for these. I'm sure it will many of us when it comes to the H&P.
  5. Denise

    Denise Guest

    Med Abbr.

    Thank you so much ! Been off work for quite a while due to breast cancer, just started working again, my CNA book packed up in a box in storage. This is so helpful.

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