!!!! MNEMONICS!!!!!

Discussion in 'Question Zone' started by Guest, Jul 20, 2003.

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  1. Guest

    Guest Guest

    HI all! something for all of us 2 share!!!! MNEMONICS!!!!! A SLICE OF MY COLLECTION

    Cerebellar signs
    Past pointing
    Intention tremor
    Slurred speech
    [Note: If you haven't done Obs yet, a Pinard's is for listening to a baby's heart on mother's abdomen]

    Hernias: abdominal wall: lumbar triangles (with eponyms) PIGS:
    Petit aka Inferior lumbar triangle
    Grynfelt aka Superior lumbar triangle

    Hernias of Abdominal Wall Think of the abdomen as a bucket, or PAIL that contains the viscera. These are the four groups of hernias:
    Pelvic hernias: obturator, perineal, sciatic
    Anterior hernias: epigastric, incisional, Spigelian, supravesical, umbilical
    Inguinal hernias: indirect, direct, femoral
    Lumbar hernias: inferior lumbar triangle (Petit), superior lumbar triangle (Grynfelt)

    Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome: symptom triad WASTER:
    Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome is:
    Recurrent staphlococcal infections

    Picorna viridae: members PEECoRnA (Picorna is pronounced 'pee-corna')
    "R'novirus" (Rhinovirus)
    Hepatitis A
    Cubital fossa contents "N-MAN":
    · From lateral to medial:
    · Specifics are radial Nerve, biceps Muscle tendon, brachial Artery, median Nerve.
    Diaphram aperatures: spinal levels "Come Enter the Abdomen:
    Vena Cava [8]
    Esophagus [10]
    Aorta [12]
    L4 landmark: 2 items "B4U" [before you]:
    Bifurcation of aorta

    Lumbricals action Lumbrical action is to hold a pea, that is to flex the metacarpophalangeal joint and extend the interphalangeal joints. When look at hand in this position, can see this makes an "L" shape, since L is for Lumbrical.

    Elbow: which side has common flexor origin FM (as in FM Radio):
    Flexor Medial, so Common Flexor Origin is on the medial side
    Popliteal fossa: muscles arrangement The two Semi's go together, Semimembranosus and Semitendonosus.
    The Membranosus is Medial and since the two semis go together, Semitendonosus is also medial.
    Therefore, Biceps Femoris has to be lateral.
    Of the semi's, to remember which one is superficial: the Tendonosus is on Top.
    Serratus anterior: innervation and action "C5-6-7 raise your arms up to heaven":
    Long thoracic nerve roots (567) innervate Serratus anterior.
    · Test C567 roots clinically by ability to raise arm past 90 degrees.
    Bicipital groove: attachments of muscles near it "The lady between two majors":
    Teres major attaches to medial lip of groove.
    Pectoralis major to lateral lip of groove.
    Latissimus (Lady) is on floor of groove, between the 2 majors.

    Rotator cuff muscles "The SITS muscles":
    · Clockwise from top:
    Teres minor
    Pterygoid muscles: function of lateral vs. medial "Look at how your jaw ends up when saying first syllable of 'Lateral' or 'Medial' ":
    "La": your jaw is now open, so Lateral opens mouth.
    "Me": your jaw is still closed, so medial closes the mandible
    Flexor digitorum muscles: how they insert onto fingers · A little rhyme:
    Superficialis Splits in two,
    To Permit Profundus Passing through
    Brachioradialis: function, innervation, one relation, one attachment BrachioRadialis:
    Function: Its the Beer Raising muscle, flexes elbow, strongest when wrist is oriented like holding a beer.
    Innervation: Breaks Rule: it’s a flexor muscle, But Radial. (Radial nerve usually is for extensors: Recall BEST rule: B was for brachioradialis).
    Important relation: Behind it is the Radial nerve in the cubital fossa.
    Attachment: Attaches to Bottom of Radius

    Pruritus: systemic causes ITCH:
    Iron deficiency anemia/ Internal malignancy
    Thyroid disease/ Type 1 DM
    CRF/ Chronic liver disease
    HIV infection/ Hereditary hemochromatosis
    Aldosterone: regulation of secretion from adrenal cortex RNAs
    Renin-angiotensin m echanism
    Na concentraton in blood
    ANP (atrial natriuretic peptide)
    Thyroid: isthmus location "Rings 2,3,4 make the isthmus floor":
    Isthmus overlies tracheal rings 2,3,4
    Thyroids: relative sizes Thyroid looks like a bra (see picture).
    Breasts are bigger in women, so thyroid bigger in women.
    Pregnant women have biggest breasts of all, so they have the biggest thyroids
    Ankle: anterior compartment of leg contents "The Hamptons Are Never Dull Parties":
    · From medial malleolus:
    Tibialis anterior tendon
    (Extensor) Hallacus longus
    Artery (anterior tibial)
    Nerve (deep peroneal)
    (Extensor) Digitorum
    Peroneus tertius

    Cubital fossa contents MBBR:
    · From medial to lateral:
    Median nerve
    Brachial artery
    Biceps tendon
    Radial nerve

    Umbilical ligaments: contents IOU:
    · From lateral to medial:
    lateral umbilical ligament: Inferior epigastric vessels
    medial unbilical ligament: Obliterated umbilical artery
    median umbilical ligament: Urachus

    Inguinal canal: walls "MALT: 2M, 2A, 2L, 2T":
    · Starting from superior, moving around in order to posterior:
    Superior wall (roof): 2 Muscles:
    · internal oblique Muscle
    · transverse abdominus Muscle
    Anterior wall: 2 Aponeuroses:
    · Aponeurosis of external oblique
    · Aponeurosis of internal oblique
    Lower wall (floor): 2 Ligaments:
    · inguinal Ligament
    · lacunar Ligament
    Posterior wall: 2Ts:
    · Transversalis fascia
    · conjoint Tendon

    Mediastinums: posterior mediastinum structures There are 4 birds:
    The esophaGOOSE (esophagus)
    The vaGOOSE nerve
    The azyGOOSE vein
    The thoracic DUCK (duct)
    Hand: nerve lesions DR CUMA:
    Drop=Radial nerve
    Claw=Ulnar nerve
    Median nerve=Ape hand (or Apostol [preacher] hand)
  2. Guest

    Guest Guest

    Few more

    In an Immunoglobulin, the Constant region is the C terminal
  3. raghu

    raghu Guest


    drugs undergoing zero order kinetics
  4. Guest

    Guest Guest



    Taken from


    Here is an easy way to remember everything about cardiac murmurs (systolic) and maneuvers.

    1. There are four systolic murmurs of concern-MR, VSD, AS, and HOCM.

    2. There are five manuevers: Remember this mnemonic--VALSH (Valsalva, AmylNitrate, Leg Raising, Squatting, Handgrip-also called Phenylephrine)

    3. The next step is to remember the response to maneuvers for HOCM. Remember that out of VALSH, VA-cause increase in the murmur of HOCM. LSH-causes decrease in the murmur of HOCM.

    4. Except for V and L all the responses of AS (aortic Stenosis) are the same as HOCM. [That is AS murmur too increases with A and decreases with SH] For V and L the response is opposite. That is The AS murmur decreases with V and increases with L.

    5. The response for MR and VSD is totally the opposite that of HOCM except for squatting which does not affect the murmur of MR and VSD.

    MR- Mitral Regurgitation
    VSD-Ventricular Septal Defect
    HOCM-Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy
    AS-Aortic Stenosis
    V-Valsalva Manuever
    A-Amyl Nitrate
    L-Leg raising
    H-Hand Grip, also called Phenylephrine.

    Go thru this a couple of times and scribble it without watching. it will work.
  5. _Fireater

    _Fireater Guest

    Pin this topic up please!

    Dear Bruno,
    Kindly pin this topic up so that users may add thier contributions while it stays visible for everybody else to make good use of it..

    Otherwise, it might get lost to the archives among all other threads.

    Thank you!!
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