My mnemonics n' tricks..!

Discussion in 'NEET 2013 All india Exam' started by samuel, Aug 27, 2014.

  1. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Facial bones "Virgil Can Not Make
    My Pet Zebra Laugh!":
    Vomer
    Conchae
    Nasal
    Maxilla
    Mandible
    Palatine
    Zygomatic
    Lacrimal
  2. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Femoral triangle: contents NAVY:
    • In order from lateral to medial:
    Nerve
    Artery
    Vein
    Y of the groin
    • Alternatively: Y = Y-fronts [male underwear
  3. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Spermatic cord contents

    "Piles Don't Contribute
    To A Good Sex Life":

    Pampiniform plexus
    Ductus deferens
    Cremasteric artery
    Testicular artery
    Artery of the ductus deferens
    Genital branch of the genitofemoral nerve
    Sympathetic nerve fibers
    Lymphatic vessels
  4. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Intra Dural (Hge) : middle meningeal artery
    Is Dard : may

    Sub Dural (Hge) : Bridging veins/ Diploic
    Sab Dard : Bhula/ De

    Sub Arachnoid ( Hge): Rupture of Cong Berry aneurysm
    Sath Allah Hai : Rise Come-on Bandey.
  5. samuel

    samuel New Member

    SEE PG Bandhus Lymphatics Are absent In CNS/Brain and Cornea and sclera.

    Just remember CNS cornea and sclera. Rest elaborate.

    Splenic pulp
    Epidermis
    Epithelia
    Placenta
    Glottis
    Bone marrow
    Lens
    Articular Cartilage
    Internal ear
  6. samuel

    samuel New Member

    SEE PG Bandhus Lymphatics Are absent In CNS/Brain and Cornea and sclera.

    Just remember CNS cornea and sclera. Rest elaborate.

    Splenic pulp
    Epidermis
    Epithelia
    Placenta
    Glottis
    Bone marrow
    Lens
    Articular Cartilage
    Internal ear
  7. samuel

    samuel New Member

    GSE HOTA
    gen somatic efferent-hypoglossal nerve,occulomotor nerve,trochlear,abducens

    GiVE SIDE
    gen visceral efferent-superior salivary n,inf salivary,dorsal n,edinger westphal
  8. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Blots and estimated molecules
    Southern .. dna
    Northern. ....rna
    O---....O-----
    Western. .... proteins
    SNOW DROP
  9. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Marchiafawa BIGNAMI syndrome is Damage to the brain white matter.

    Marchiafawa MICHELI syndrome is hemolytic anemia a/w paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
  10. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Microbiology-mnemonic-Placenta -crossing organisms /Antenatal infectionsPlacenta -crossing organisms /Antenatal infections:STARCH:--Syphilis ;Toxoplasmosis ;AIDS(HIV );Rubella ;CMV ;Herpes /hepatitis .
  11. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Chemosensitive tumors

    WHEATHER C OR NOT
    c for Chemosensitive


    wilms
    HL/NHL
    ewings
    all
    teratoma
    hl/nhl
    Embryonal Rabdomyosarcoma
    chorio carcinoma
  12. samuel

    samuel New Member

    mnemonic for DNA viruses
    HHAPPPY
    herpes
    hepatitis b
    adenovirus
    parvovirus
    papovavirus
    poxvirus
    y
    rest all are RNA VIRUSES
  13. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Triad of wiskott-Aldrichsyndrome:1.Thrombocytopenia ,2.Eczema ,3.Recurrent infection.
  14. samuel

    samuel New Member

    PHARMAC
    Morphine: side-effects MORPHINE:
    Myosis
    Out of it (sedation)
    Respiratory depression
    Pneumonia (aspiration)
    Hypotension
    Infrequency (constipation, urinary retention)
    Nausea
    Emesis
  15. samuel

    samuel New Member

    CNS Effects of Morphine
    SCREAMNT
    S edation
    C ough suppression/convulsions
    R espiratory depression
    E uphoria
    A nalgesia
    M yosis (but may cause mydriasis in doses causing asphyxia)
    N ausea and vomiting
    T runcal rigidity (especially with fentanyl)
  16. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Cocaine: cardiovascular effect COcaine causes blood
    vessels to
    COnstrict (unlike other local anesthetics which cause vasodilation).


    Aminoglycosides: common characteristics AMINO:
    Active Against Aerobic gram negative
    Mechanism of resistance are Modifying enzymes
    Inhibit protein synthesis by binding to 30S subunit
    Nephrotoxic
    Ototoxic
  17. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Sulfonamides: common characteristics SULFA:
    Steven-Johnson syndrome/ Skin rash / Solubility low
    Urine precipitation/ Useful for UTI
    Large spectrum (gram positives and negatives)
    Folic acids synthesis blocker (as well as synthesis of nucleic acids)
    Analog of PABA
  18. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Diuretics: groups "Leak Over The CAN":
    Loop diuretics
    Osmotics
    Thiazides
    Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
    Aldosterone inhibitors
    Na (sodium) channel blockers
    • Note: "leak" is slang for urination and "can" is slang for a toilet.
  19. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Gynacomastia, Drugs That Cause

    "Some Drugs Create Awesome Knockers
    S pironolactone
    D igistalis
    C isplatin
    A lcohol
    K etoconozole

    Thalidomide: effect on cancer cells "Thalidomide
    makes the blood vessels hide":
    Use thalidomide to stop cancer cells from growing new blood vessels.
  20. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Tuberculosis: treatment If you forget your TB drugs, you'll
    die and might need a PRIEST":
    Pyrazinamide
    Rifampin
    Isoniazid (INH)
    Ethambutol
    STreptomycin
  21. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Warfarin: interactions ACADEMIC QACS:
    Amiodarone
    Cimetidine
    Aspirin
    Dapsone
    Erythromycin
    Metronidazole
    Indomethacin
    Clofibrates
    Quinidine
    Azapropazone
    Ciprofloxacin
    Statins
  22. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Patent ductus arteriosus: which prostaglandin keeps it open
    kEEp opEn with prostaglandin E.


    Carbamazepine (CBZ): use CBZ:
    Cranial Nerve V (trigeminal) neuralgia
    Bipolar disorder
    Zeisures
  23. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Microtubules: drugs that act on microtubules. "The
    MicroTubule Growth Voiding Chemicals":
    Thiabendazole
    Mebendazole
    Taxol
    Griseofulvin
    Vincristine/ Vinblastine
    Colchicine
  24. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Insulin: mixing regular insulin and NPH "Not Ready,
    Ready Now":
    Air into NPH
    Air into Regular
    Draw up Regular
    Draw up NPH
  25. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Insulin: mixing regular insulin and NPH "Not Ready,
    Ready Now":
    Air into NPH
    Air into Regular
    Draw up Regular
    Draw up NPH
  26. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Benzodiazepins: 3 members that undergo extrahepatic metabolism
    "Outside The Liver":
    Oxazepam
    Temazepam
    Lorazepam
    These undergo extrahepatic metabolism and do not form active metabolites.
  27. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Guanethidine: mechanism GuaNEthidine prevents NE
    (norepinephrine) release.


    Parasympathetic vs. sympathetic neurotransmitters "No
    sympathy for a Pair of Aces":
    Norepinephren is secreted in by the Sympathetic nervous system
    while Acetylcholine is secreted in the Parasympathetic nervous
    system.
  28. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Drugs undergoing complete first pass metabolism when taken orally
    'F I L T Hy'
    First pass metabolism
    Isoprenaline
    Lignocaine
    Testosterone
    Hydrocortisone
  29. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Adrenoceptors: vasomotor function of alpha vs. beta ABCD:
    Alpha = Constrict.
    Beta = Dilate.


    Beta 1 selective blockers "BEAM ONE up, Scotty":
    Beta 1 blockers:
    Esmolol
    Atenolol
    Metropolol
  30. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Opiods: mu receptor effects "MD CARES":
    Miosis
    Dependency
    Constipation
    Analgesics
    Respiratory depression
    Euphoria
    Sedation
  31. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Cancer drugs: time of action between DNA->mRNA ABCDEF:
    Alkylating agents
    Bleomycin
    Cisplastin
    Dactinomycin/ Doxorubicin
    Etoposide
    Flutamide and other steroids or their antagonists (eg tamoxifen,
    leuprolide)
  32. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Tricyclic antidepressants: members worth knowing "I have to
    hide, the CIA is after me":
    Clomipramine
    Imipramine
    Amitrptyline
    • If want the next 3 worth knowing, the DND is also after me:
    Desipramine
    Norrtriptyline
    Doxepin
  33. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Asthma drugs: leukotriene inhibitor action zAfirlukast:
    Antagonist of lipoxygenase
    zIlueton: Inhibitor of LT receptor


    Torsades de Pointes: drugs causing APACHE:
    Amiodarone
    Procainamide
    Arsenium
    Cisapride
    Haloperidol
    Eritromycin
  34. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Serotonin syndrome: components Causes HARM:
    Hyperthermia
    Autonomic instability (delirium)
    Rigidity
    Myoclonus


    Beta blockers: B1 selective vs. B1-B2 non-selective A
    through N: B1 selective: Acebutalol, Atenolol, Esmolol, Metoprolol.
    O through Z: B1, B2 non-selective:pindolol, Propanalol, Timolol.
  35. samuel

    samuel New Member

    HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (statins): side effects,
    contraindications, interactions HMG-CoA:
    • Side effects:
    Hepatotoxicity
    Myositis [aka rhabdomyolysis]
    • Contraindications:
    Girl during pregnancy/ Growing children
    • Interactions:
    Coumarin/ Cyclosporine


    Therapeutic index: formula TILE:
    TI = LD50 / ED50
  36. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Antirheumatic agents (disease modifying): members CHAMP:
    Cyclophosphamide
    Hydroxycloroquine and choloroquinine
    Auranofin and other gold compounds
    Methotrexate
    Penicillamine
  37. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Auranofin, aurothioglucose: category and indication Aurum
    is latin for "gold" (gold's chemical symbol is Au).
    Generic Aur- drugs (Auranofin, Aurothioglucose) are gold
    compounds.
    • If didn't learn yet that gold's indication is rheumatoid arthritis, AUR- Acts
    Upon Rheumatoid.
  38. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Antiarrhythmics: class III members BIAS:
    Bretylium
    Ibutilide
    Amiodarone
    Sotalol
  39. samuel

    samuel New Member

    MAOIs: indications MAOI'S:
    Melancholic [classic name for atypical depression]
    Anxiety
    Obesity disorders [anorexia, bulemia]
    Imagined illnesses [hypochondria]
    Social phobias
    • Listed in decreasing order of importance.
    • Note MAOI is inside MelAnchOlIc.
  40. samuel

    samuel New Member

    SIADH-inducing drugs ABCD:
    Analgesics: opioids, NSAIDs
    Barbiturates
    Cyclophosphamide/ Chlorpromazine/ Carbamazepine
    Diuretic (thiazide)


    K+ increasing agents K-BANK:
    K-sparing diuretic
    Beta blocker
    ACEI
    NSAID
    Ksupplement
  41. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Diuretics: thiazides: indications "CHIC to use
    thiazides":
    CHF
    Hypertension
    Insipidous
    Calcium calculi
  42. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Ribavirin: indications RIBAvirin:
    RSV
    Influenza B
    Arenaviruses (Lassa, Bolivian, etc.)


    Parkinsonism: drugs SALAD:
    Selegiline
    Anticholinenergics (trihexyphenidyl, benzhexol, ophenadrine)
    L-Dopa + peripheral decarboxylase inhibitor (carbidopa, benserazide)
    Amantadine
    Dopamine postsynaptic receptor agonists (bromocriptine, lisuride,
    pergolide)
  43. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Morphine: effects at mu receptor PEAR:
    Physical dependence
    Euphoria
    Analgesia
    Respiratory depression
  44. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Teratogenic drugs "W/ TERATOgenic":
    Warfarin
    Thalidomide
    Epileptic drugs: phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine
    Retinoid
    ACE inhibitor
    Third element: lithium
    OCP and other hormones (eg danazol)
  45. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Antiarrhythmics: classification I to IV MBA College
    • In order of class I to IV:
    Membrane stabilizers (class I)
    Beta blockers
    Action potential widening agents
    Calcium channel blockers
  46. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Epilepsy types, drugs of choice "Military General
    Attacked Weary Fighters Pronouncing 'Veni
    Vedi Veci' After Crushing Enemies":
    • Epilepsy types:
    Myoclonic
    Grand mal
    Atonic
    West syndrome
    Focal
    Petit mal (absence)
    • Respective drugsy:
    Valproate
    Valproate
    Valproate
    ACTH
    Carbamazepine
    Ethosuximide
    Tricyclic antidipressents (TCA): side effects TCA'S:
    Thrombocytopenia
    Cardiac (arrhymia, MI, stroke)
    Anticholinergic (tachycardia, urinary retention, etc)
    Seizures
  47. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Bromocriptine [for USA gang members] The CRYPTS are
    an LA street gang that likes to smoke DOPE.
    BromoCRYPTine is a DOPamine agonist.


    Beta blockers: members "The NEPAL Prime
    Minister":
    Timolol
    Nadolol
    Esmolol
    Pindolol
    Atenolol
    Labetalol
    Propranolol
    Metoprolol
  48. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Respiratory depression inducing drugs "STOP
    breathing":
    Sedatives and hypnotics
    Trimethoprim
    Opiates
    Polymyxins


    Pulmonary infiltrations inducing drugs "Go BAN Me!":
    Gold
    Bleomycin/ Busulphan/ BCNU
    Amiodarone/ Acyclovir/ Azathioprine
    Nitrofurantoin
    Melphalan/ Methotrexate/ Methysergide
  49. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Migraine: prophylaxis drugs "Very Volatile
    Pharmacotherapeutic Agents For Migraine Prophylaxis":
    Verpamil
    Valproic acid
    Pizotifen
    Amitriptyline
    Flunarizine
    Methysergide
    Propranolol
    • Bare bones version [eg Lippincott's two], just Migraine Prophylaxis,
    as above.
  50. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Benzodiazapines: ones not metabolized by the liver (safe to use in
    liver failure) LOT:
    Lorazepam
    Oxazepam
    Temazepam


    Vigabatrin: mechanism Vi-GABA-Tr-In:
    Via GABA Transferase Inhibition

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