My mnemonics n' tricks..!

Discussion in 'NEET 2013 All india Exam' started by samuel, Aug 27, 2014.

  1. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Hepatocellular carcinoma: aetiology, features ABC:
    Aetiology:
    Aflatoxins
    Hep B
    Cirrhosis
    • Features:
    AFP increased (classic marker)
    Bile-producing (DDx from cholangiocarcinoma)
    Commonest primary liver tumor
  2. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Goitre: differential GOITRE:
    Goitrogens
    Onset of puberty
    Iodine deficiency
    Thyrotoxicosis/ Tumor/ Thyroiditis [Hashimoto's]
    Reproduction [pregnancy]
    Enzyme deficiencies
  3. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Renal failure (chronic): consequences ABCDEFG:
    Anemia
    -due to less EPO
    Bone alterations
    -osteomalacia
    -osteoporosis
    -von Recklinghausen
    Cardiopulmonary
    -atherosclerosis
    -CHF
    -hypertension
    -pericarditis
    D vitamin loss
    Electrolyte imbalance
    -sodium loss/gain
    -metabolic acidosis
    -hyperkalemia
    Feverous infections
    -due to leukocyte abnormalities and dialysis hazards
    GI disturbances
    -haemorrhagic gastritis
    -peptic ulcer disease
    -intractable hiccups
  4. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Adrenal disorders: Cushing's vs Addison's Cushing: is
    Gushing cortisol.
    In Addison's: patient's cortisol doesn't Add up.


    Aneurysm types MAD SCAB:
    Mycotic
    Atherosclerotic
    Dissecting
    Syphilitic
    Capillary microaneurysm
    Arteriovenous fistula
    Berry
  5. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Nephrotic syndrome: hallmark findings "Protein LEAC":
    Proteinuria
    Lipid up
    Edema
    Albumin down
    Cholesterol up
    • In nephrotic, the proteins leakout.
  6. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Ovarian cancers: important types, by WHO classification •
    Surface:
    "My Sister Began Experiencing Cancer":
    Mucinous
    Serous
    Brenner
    Endometrioid
    Clear
    • Germ cell:
    "Doctor Examined The Ovaries":
    Dysgerminoma
    Endometrial sinus
    Teratoma
    Ovarian choriocarcinoma
    • Sex cord:
    "She Felt Grim":
    Sertoli-Leydig
    Fibroma
    Granulosa-theca
    • Metastatic
    "Killed":
    Krukenberg
  7. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Kwashiorkor: distinguishing from Marasmus FLAME:
    Fatty Liver
    Anemia
    Malabsorption
    Edema


    Hemolytic anemia types SHEEP T!T:
    Sickle cell
    Heriditary splenocytosis
    Enzyme deficiencies: [G6P, pyruvate kinase]
    Erythroblastosis fetalis
    Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria
    Trauma to RBCs
    Immunohemolytics: [warm Ab, cold Ag]
    Thalassemias: [alpha, beta]
  8. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Oral cancer risks PATH LAB:
    Plummer-vinson syndrome
    Alcohol
    Tobacco
    Human papilloma virus
    Leukoplakia
    Asbestos
    Bad oral hygiene



    Calculi: types CAlCUli:
    Calcium
    Ammonium magnesium phosphate
    Cystine
    Uric acid

    Wernicke-Korsakoff triad Syndrome in alchoholics, who love
    to "drink CANs of beer":
    Confusion
    Ataxia
    Nystagmus
  9. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Wernicke-Korsakoff's psychosis: findings COAT RACK:
    • Wernicke's encephalopathy (acute phase):
    Confusion
    Ophthalmoplegia
    Ataxia
    Thiamine tx.
    • Korsakoff's psychosis (chronic phase):
    Retrograde amnesia
    Anterograde amnesia
    Confabulation
    Korsakoff's psychosis
  10. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Atherosclerosis risk factors "You're a SAD BET with
    these risk factors":
    Sex: male
    Age: middle-aged, elderly
    Diabetes mellitus
    BP high: hypertension
    Elevated cholesterol
    Tobacco
  11. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Duchenne vs. Becker Muscular Dystrophy Duchenne Muscular
    Dystrophy (DMD) : Doesn't Make Dystrophin.
    Becker Muscular Dystrophy (BMD): Badly Made
    Dystrophin (a truncated protein).


    Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia (MEN) subtype classification
    Each subtype has 2 or 3 causes, plus something 1 or 2 more items.
    MEN I is disease of 3 P's: [Pituitary, Parathyroid, Pancreas]
    plus one more: adrenal cortex.
    MEN II is disease of 2 C's: [Carcinoma of thyroid, Catacholamines
    (pheochromocytoma)] plus two more: parathyroid for MEN IIa or mucocutaneous
    neuromas for MEN IIB (also called MEN III).
  12. samuel

    samuel New Member

    Takayasu's disease is Pulseless disease "Can't Tak'a ya
    pulse" (Can't take your pulse):
    Takayasu's disease known as Pulseless disease, since pulse is weakened in the
    upper extremities.


    Hypercalcemia: symptoms of elevated serum levels "Bones,
    Stones, Groans, Moans":
    Bones: pain in bones
    Stones: renal
    Groans: pain
    Psychic moans/ Psychological overtones: confused state

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