Ossification in fetus starts in

Discussion in 'Question Zone' started by Santosh Jadhav, Oct 11, 2013.

  1. Santosh Jadhav

    Santosh Jadhav Active Member

    Ossification in fetus starts in
    a) 1st week of intrauterine life
    b) 2nd week of intrauterine life
    c) 5th week of intrauterine life
    d) 5th month of intrauterine life


    ans:c) 5th week of intrauterine life

    The clavicle is the first bone to begin the process of ossification during development of the embryo, during the fifth and sixth weeks of gestation


    Morphologic studies of the early development of the clavicle were carried out in 46 human embryos and fetuses ranging in age from 6 to 12 weeks. We confirmed that the clavicle is formed by two membranous primary ossification centers appearing by 6 weeks and fusing approximately 1 week later. Cartilage at both ends of the clavicle then develops. In time, the medial cartilaginous mass contributes more to the growth in length of the clavicle than the lateral cartilaginous mass. The spatial orientation of both ossification centers and the development of enchondral bone formation at the ends of the clavicle lead to its characteristic shape. Interestingly, the primary ossification centers contribute little to the growth in length. The junction of the two centers of ossification is situated between the lateral and middle third of the clavicle and, consequently, does not correspond to the site of congenital pseudarthrosis, which is located in the middle part of the clavicle.
    Last edited: Oct 14, 2013

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